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《Soybean Science》 2008-05
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Effects of Different Cropping Systems of Soybean on Chernozem Enzyme Activities and Kinetic Parameters

ZHANG Guang-na1,2,CHEN Li-jun1,CHEN Zhen-hua1,2,ZHANG Yu-lan1,2(1Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shenyang,110016,Liaoning:2Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100049,China)  
Continuous cropping decrease soybean yields.To understand the effects of different cropping systems of soybean on the activities and kinetic parameters of enzymes related to the C,N,P and S transformation in chernozem,surface soil(0-20 cm) samples were collected from the experimental fields under soybean continuous cropping,soybean-maize rotation,and soybean-sorghum rotation in Daqing City of Heilongjiang Province,and the activities of α-and β-galactosidase,α-and β-glucosidase,urease,protease,phosphomonoesterase,phosphodiesterase,and arylsulphatase,as well as the kinetic parameters of β-glucosidase,urease,protease,phosphomonoesterase,phosphodiesterase,and arylsulphatase were measured.The results showed that under soybean-maize rotation,the activities of β-galactosidase,β-glucosidase and protease increased significantly,while arylsulphatase activity had the greatest decrease,compared with those under soybean continuous cropping.Under soybean-sorghum rotation,the activities of all test enzymes except β-galactosidase had no significant differences with those under soybean continuous cropping.Soybean-maize rotation decreased the Km value of β-glucosidase and phosphodiesterase but increased the Vmax value of protease,phosphomonoesterase and arylsulphatase as well as the Vmax/Km ratio of phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase significantly,while soybean-sorghum rotation decreased the Km value of urease but increased the Vmax/Km ratio of urease and arylsulphatase significantly.Compared with other two cropping systems soybean-maize rotation can increase soil enzyme activity better.
【Fund】: 中科院知识创新工程重要方向资助项目(KZCX3-SW-445);; 国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2006BAD10B01)
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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