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《SOYBEAN SCIENCE》 1994-04
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WATER RELATIONS AND OSMOTIC ADJUSTMENT IN SOYBEAN PLANTS UNDER DROUGHT STRESS

Zou Qi; Sun Guangyu(Loboratory of Plant Physiology, Shandong Agricultural University) Wang Tao(Institute of Crop Science, Shandong Academy of Agriculture Sceinces)  
Responses of leaf water relations and osmotic adjustment to water stress were studied with two soybean (Glycine max) cultivars- summer soybean Ludou No. 4 and small - grain soybean (SGS) No. 1. Minimum leaf water potential (ψw (min) and relative water content (RWC) of both cultivars were reduced along with gradually developing of soil water stress, yet in Ludou No. 4 (ψw(min) and RWC reduced more quickly than those in SGS No. 1,applying that drought resistance of Ludou No. 4 was less than SGS No. 1. Durins branching and flowerins periods, the saturated osmotic potential (ψs°)of leaves for both cultivars were reduced along with gradually develuped water stress. As a result, the turgor pressure of leaves could be maintain positive, suggesting that osmotic adjustment existed in soybean plants during these periods. During pod - setting and seed - filling periods, however, the ψs° reduced just slightly owing to water stress. as a result, the turgor pressure sharply reduced, disappeared, even turned to negative, suggestins that the osmotic adjustment was rather limited or absent at all during these two periods. As water stress developed very quickly, osmotic adjustment could not be observed in neither of the two cultivars.
【CateGory Index】: S565.101
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