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《SOYBEAN SCIENCE》 1999-01
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A STUDY OF MAIN FACTORS CAUSING YIELD DECREASE OF CONTINUOUS CROPPING SOYBEAN Ⅱ.Effects of Harmful Organisms in Soil on Continuous Cropping Soybean

Han Xiaozeng Xu Yanli (Heilongjiang Institute of Agricultural Modernization Chinese Academy of Sciences, Harbin 150040)  
The soil for field trial was disinfected, fertilized and irrigated in this study. The result shows that, the harmful organisms related to soybean optimum growth soil affect the development of continuous cropping soybean greatly; Compared with control, the soybean biomass reduces 7.2%-14.52%, plant height goes down 11.6%-17.26%, stem thickness decreases 14.63%-21.95%,LA declines 10.42%-18.67%, and finall yield falls 12.19%-14.59%. By using steaming disinfection to the soil of continuous cropping soybean, there are no significant differences on development and final yield between treatments and control. Soybean pests and diseases are reflected by harmful organisms in soil. Fertilizer and water can not kill harmful organisms in soil, but can make soybean plant stronger and stablize final yield.
【Fund】: 国家“九五”重中之重课题 黑龙江省农业科技攻关重大课题
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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