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《Contemporary Foreign Literature》 2009-01
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New Directions in (Transnational) American Literature Studies

Lawrence Buell  
Never has there been a better moment for foreign scholars outside the English-speaking world to engage in American literature studies. American literature studies is increasingly studied worldwide and the contributions of foreign-born and foreign-based Americanists are becoming increasingly influential. This lecture will attempt to explain this turn of events, with special emphasis on analysis of selected newer transnational and comparative approaches to American literature studies.Background factors contributing to the emergence of these new approaches will be surveyed briefly. These include the changing demography of American academia, the challenges to the traditional canon from within American literary studies of the 1970s and after, and the rise of new historicism, postcolonialism, and critical race studies. The lecture will concentrate especially, however, on defining the types of approach employed by the newer transnational Americanist scholarship. These will be illustrated by describing a number of recent books and articles that suggest the promise of these approaches.Five broad, overlapping initiatives will be defined: (1) author-focused studies that broaden the critical horizon of understanding beyond the scope of the national; (2) projects focusing on linguistic translation or cross-cultural communication; (3) studies of circulation of texts and cross-cultural influences within international zones (the Atlantic world, the transpacific world, the Americas); (4) projects that address cultural mobility on a global scale; and (5) ecocritical studies of transnational environmental interdependencies or affinities. Most, as we shall see, are quite heterogeneous. Within most we find considerable methodological diversity and debate.
【Key Words】: American literature studies cross-cultural influences transnational
【CateGory Index】: I712
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Fang Li;Literature and Environmental Imagination in Lawrence Buell's Ecocritical Studies[J];Contemporary Foreign Literature;2010-03
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 Yang Lijuan Liu Jianjun;Ecocriticism Reconsidered[J];Contemporary Foreign Literature;2009-04
2 Fang Hong an associate professor at the School of Foreign Studies,Nanjing University,Nanjing,China(210093).;A Review of Laurence Buell's Environmental Criticism[J];Contemporary Foreign Literature;2009-03
3 Yan Jianhua an associate professor in the English Department at the College of Foreign Languages,Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou,Zhejiang,China(310023).;The"Anti-aesthetic"Turn in Contemporary American Eco-poetry[J];Contemporary Foreign Literature;2009-03
4 SONG Li-li(Department of Foreigh Langusges,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China);Eco-criticism: An Literary Critical Perspective that Extends to Nature[J];Journal of Jiangsu University(Social Science Edition);2006-01
5 LI Xiao-ming (Center of Aesthetics of Literature and Art, Shandong University, Jinan 2501000, China);A Review of Eco-Criticism in Contemporary USA[J];Thinking;2005-04
6 Lawrence Buell and Wei Qingqi;Making a Dialogue on Chinese-American Ecocriticism: An Interview with Prof. Lawrence Buell[J];Literature & Art Studies;2004-01
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