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The Abolition of the System of Imperial Examinations and the Transformation of Chinese Academic Culture in the Early 20th Century

YANG Qi-fu(College of Social History, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007)[K H2D]  
The abolition of the system of the imperial examinations in the late Q ing Dynasty exerted a great influence on the transformation of the Chinese acade mic culture of the 20th century. First, it shattered the dominant position of th e Confucian thoughts over thousands of years, signifying the beginning of China ’s breaking away from traditions and negating traditional culture. Second, thou gh it pushed forward the development of modern education, and it resulted in the education only for aristocrats and the loss of the humanistic spirit. Last, it promoted the transformation and development of modern academy, while it neglecte d “learning” by focusing on “technique” only.
【CateGory Index】: G122
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