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《GEOTECTONICA ET METALLOGENIA》 1997-02
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MECHANISM AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE UPLIFT OF THE QINHAI-XIZANG (TIBET) PLATEAU

CHEN Guoda(Changsha Institute of Geotectonics, Academia Sinica, WG. IGCP 361 Activa Zone (Diwa Struct) & Metall of E. Asia; Central-South University of Technology, Changsha, 410013,China)  
The uplift of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau happened in a different crustal movements and different time from those of the collision of Asia continent with the allochthonous India crustobody, and the uplift occurred very long after the finish of the collision. In fact, there are no directly causationic relationships in time and dynamics, as well as in crustobody movement nature between the uplift and collision. According its temporal evolution, the uplift happened in another active stage of the mantle creep flow after the active stage resultingin the collision and the Interruption of the 140 Mals quiet stage--particularly notlceably afterthis interruption of quiet stage - resulting in the universal Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) ancientplatform. It was the production in another cycle of the mantle creep-flow active-quiet progression. On the basis of the dynamic analysis, the uplift resulted from the multiple compressing stresses in the reactivation stage after weakening of the colliding stress and the following compressing stress, and after the interruption of the stable stage dominating the vertical movements and represented by fomation of the universal Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) cient platform. It was the production of another stress field existing in another crustobody evolution stage and growth age. In the light of the nature of the orogeny, the uplift was caused by the intracontinental diwa (geodepression)-type orogeny after converging connection of the Central Asia Crustobody and the India Crustobody which immediately later became a part of the Asia continent, and hence after the substitution for the colliding stress and the following compressing stress by the platform-type crustal movements.Because of the big temporal difference between the uplift and collision events, the socalled double-crust hypothesis of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau may not be realistic.The collision began in Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) region before or at early Permain when theQinghai-Xizang (Tibet) ancient platform and hence the paleoplanation surface, the morphological foundation of the plaleau, even were not in their embryonic forms, so the uplift of theplateau did not result from the subduction of the India crust at all. Normally it is inferredthat since the allochthonous india crust underthrusted northward before or at early Permain,hence immediately later the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) region should be elevated successivelyfrom South to north during Permian to early Mesozoic, but actually the Qinghai--Xizang (Tibet) region has risen more of less uniformly almost in the same period from Miocene, morethan 200 Ma years later than the beginning of the collision. On the other hand, because ofthe high heat flow, even if india crust exists under the Qinghai--Xizang (Tibet) region atdepth more than 30 km, it may change into plastic and even fused (see details from the abovementioned discussion) and may be unable to go on underthrusting northward. Moreover, noevidence has been found for the existence of the India crust under the plateau yet. Thereforesome Interfaces, inferred by geophysical materials in local areas, are reasonably consideredto be the evidence for nappes or decollement surfaces rather than for doubleWecrust.In terms of the mentioned above the mechanism of the Qinghai--Xizang (Tibet) Plateauneeds to be comprehensively analysed by thinking about multiple factors, especially bystudying the evolutionwmovements history of the related crustobodies and using the integrative research method of historic-dynamic geotectonics. So it can not be perfectly explainedsimply by the exogenetic action or by using the simple collision model, even the double--crusthypothesis.
【CateGory Index】: P542
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