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《Geotectonica Et Metallogenia》 2009-04
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Tectonic Control for Temporal and Spatial Variation of Granitoids in Southwest Sector of Altyn Mountains——Evidence from Changes of Potassium and Sodium in Granitoids

WU Yuezhong1,WANG Zhan2,GUO Lei1 and TANG Zhuo1(1.Xi′an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources,CGS,Xi′an 710054,Shaanxi,China;2.Department of Geology,Northwest University,Xi′an 710069,Shaanxi,China)  
Studying on relationship between acidic magmatism and tectonism of the Altyn Mountains is helpful to completely recognize the tectonic property and evolutionary characteristics in this area. Collecting the geochemical data of granitic rocks systematically,and based on the method of the K2O-Na2O classification and diagram,which was put forward by Collins et al.(1982),the genetic types of granite can be obtained during different geological periods in the southwest sector of the Altyn Mountains. In the Wutai period,the genetic type of granitoids is I-type,and intrusive rocks have a large scale,concentratedly occur in the direction of nearly east-wast. In the Luliang period,it is A-type,small scale and occurs in NWW-trending banding along the northwest border of the granites in the Wutai period. In the Sibao-Jinning period,it is mainly S-type,a large scale and widely distributes and trends in NEE. In the Caledonian period,it is mainly A-type,with I-type increasing in boundary faults,and has the largest scale and the widest distribution in NEE (NE). In the Hercynian cycle,it is mainly I-type,small scale and intermittent distribution in the southwestern termination of northwest and southern margin faults. In the Yanshanian-Himalayan period,it is mainly A-type,small scale and fragmentary distribution. Granitoid rocks from the Wutai to Jinning periods mainly distributed in the Altyn uplift area which enveloped by its boundary faults,and genetic types in the same period are relatively concordant. In the Caledonian period,the main genetic types are different between an internal uplift area and the vicinity or outside of the boundary faults zone. From the Hercynian to Himalayan periods,it only distributed in a boundary fault or near a southeast zone. All the above cases indicate that the genetic types,massif scale,distribution of the granitoids in the southwest sector of the Altyn Mountains appears a regularly repeated and alternative change. Therefore,the acidic magmatism of the Altyn Mountains is controlled by the tectonic evolutions in different periods and tectonisms in different directions which change repeatedly and alternatively.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局国土资源大调查研究项目(编号:1212010913015和1212010781048)
【CateGory Index】: P588.121
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