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《Donghai Marine Science》 2004-03
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The characteristics, causes of formation and climatic impact of the 1997—1998 El Ni(n)o event

XU Wu-cheng~1,WANG Wen~2,MA Jin-song~3,YANG Xia~(1,4) (1.College of Land and Resources,China West Normal University,Nanchong 637002,China;2.College of Water Resources and Environment,Hehai University,Nanjing 210098,China;3. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China;4.Research Institute of Regional Economy,China West Normal University,Nanchong 637002,China)  
Evidence has shown that the El Ni(n)o event that occurred in 1997 and early 1998 was the strongest in the 20~(th) century. The 1997 El Ni(n)o occurrence is closely related to the abnormal enhancement of the atmospheric intraseasonal oscillation over the equatorial central and eastern Pacific region during the period from the winter of 1996 to the spring of 1997. The eastward propagating of the positive anomalies of subsurface ocean temperature in the western Pacific Ocean warm pool region along the equatorial Pacific therocline to the equatorial eastern Pacific and their expanding to the sea surface are the direct reason to cause 1997—1998 El Ni(n)o Event. It results in the anomalies of global atmospheric circulation and climate, heavy rainfall even floods in some countries and regions, but high temperature,scarce rainfall and even severe droughts in some other countries and regions.
【CateGory Index】: P732
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