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《Journal of Marine Sciences》 2007-01
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The relationship of sulfate-methane interface with the methane flux and the underlying gas hydrate

FANG Yin-xia,CHU Feng-you(Second Institute of Oceanography,SOA,Laboratory of Submarine Geosciences,SOA,Hangzhou 310012,China)  
The sulfate-methane interface is an important biogeochemistry identification interface for the areas with high methane flux and containing gas hydrate.Above the sulfate-methane interface,the sulfate content in the sediment is consumed progressively for the decomposition of organic matter and anaerobic methane oxidation,below the sulfate-methane interface,the methane content increases continuously with the depth.Based on the change characters of the sulfate content and the methane content around the sulfate-methane interface,it is feasible to estimate the intensity of the methane flux,and thereafter to infer the possibility of the occurrence of gas hydrate.The geochemistry data of the pore water taken from the northern slope of South China Sea show the sulfate-methane interface is relatively shallow,which indicates that the methane flux is high in this area.It is considered that the high methane flux is most probably caused by the occurrence of gas hydrate deposit below the seafloor in the northern slope of South China Sea.
【CateGory Index】: P744.4
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