Exploitation strategy of the coastal landscape ecotourism in Jiangsu
LI Jia-lin, YANG Xiao-ping, TONG Yi-qin, WANG Yi-cheng(Coastal Resources and Environment Research Center, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China)
Coastal zone is the ecotone where terrestrial ecosystem and marine ecosystem interacts. It is a very unique and important natural landscape for the mankind. However, population growth and unreasonable development of the zone has resulted in the destruction of the ecological environment and exhaustion of resources of the zone. Therefore, protection of the landscape heterogeneity and ecological integrity is very important for sustainable utilization of the coastal zone. The formation of the heterogeneity of the coastal landscape in Jiangsu is resulted from both the natural driving factors and interference factors. The natural driving factors include geomorphic evoloution of the coastal zone, climate features, phdrodynamic process, soil and vegetation characteristics etc. The interference factors include disasters of storm surge, spartina introduction and human activities etc. The coastal zone landscape in Jiangsu is characterized by its structrural complexity, functional diversity, ecological frangibility, high quality and dual characteristics of landscape contrast. From the viewpoint of landscape geomorphology and tourism development, Jiangsu coastal landscape is divided into three parts, the mountain and sea landscape in the north, the tidal flat landscape in the middle and the estuarine landscape in the south, based on which it is further divided into landscape subtype. Finally, eight initiatives are suggested for the exploitation of the coastal landscape resources in Jiangsu, that is, strengthening landscape eco-construction, maintenance of the heterogeneity of the landscape, construction of a national lowland ecological park of Holland type in Sheyang Rive-Xinyang Harbor basin, construction of Yancheng national marine wetland park, development of ecotourism resources of the natural reserves appropriately, development of characteristic ecotourism in the north, development of ecotourism of the estuarine landscape in the south, tapping the cultural heterogeneity of ecotourism landscape, and starting application for world natural heritage of the radiate shoal of the Yellow Sea.
【Fund】： 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40701006);; 浙江省自然科学基金资助项目(Y505032)
【CateGory Index】： F592.7
【CateGory Index】： F592.7