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A two-layer model for the circulation of the East China Sea

Liang Xiangsan; Su Jilan(Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA. Hangzhou, 310012)  
A two-layer numerical model is developed to study the dynamical structures and the formation mechanisms of the shelf circulation and Kuroshio system in the East China Sea (ECS)On the whole, the main features of this region are highly correlated and dynamically stable.The Kuroshio northeast of Taiwan always intrudes onto the shelf. and manifests itself chiefly in the lower layer. The joint effect of baroclinicity and relief (JEBAR), the horizontal advection and bottom friction are the triggering mechanisms for this ageostrophic intrusion current, while the topographic and planetary beta-effects make it intensified towards the northern edge of Taiwan Island. After intruding onto the shelf, most of the lower-layer Kuroshio water turns anticyclonically, forming the outer branch of the lower-layer Taiwan Warm Current (TWC). Whether its inner partner can form depends upon the rate of the upper-to the lower-layer speeds of the Kuroshio inflow, and the northward extending of the upper-layer Strait warm water. The upper-layer TWC results from the Taiwan Strait inflow, and a part of it branches out in the open sea off Wenzhou. In this paper, We also point out that thecold-core water mass northeast of Taiwan is, in fact, the behaviour of the lower-layer intrusive loop, and the interaction between it and the upper-layer TWC leads to the formation of the well-known warm-core gyre. Besides, a preliminary study is also made on the frontaleddy north of Diaoyu Island.
【CateGory Index】: P731.27
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