Cenozoic tectonic sequence and tectonic events at the eastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau
LI Yong 1 ,HOU Zhong-jian 1 ,SI Guang-ying 1 ,A.L.DENSMORE 2 ,ZHOU Rong-jun 3 ,M.A.ELLIS 4 ,LI Yong-zhao 1 ,LIANG Xing-zhong 1(1.Institute of Sedimentary Geology,Chengdu University of Technology,Chengdu610059
The eastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau can be divided into four tectonic units;from northwest to southeast,they are the Songpan-Garzêorogenic belt,Longmenshan-Jinpingshan thrust belt,foreland basin and Longquanshan fore bulge,which are cut by the Xianshuihe fault.Cenozoic intermontane basins are developed in the inner part of the Longmenshan-Jingpingshan thrust belt,and a foreland basin occurs along the frontal part of the thrust belt.The Cenozoic sedimentary record along the margin is a key to constraining the plateau uplift and evolution during the collision and continued convergence of India and Eurasia during the last65Ma.Cenozoic sediments in the basin of the eastern margin can be classified into five tectonic sequences.Sequence1is composed of Paleocene to early Eocene red beds(65～55Ma )and represents a fining-upward retrogressive cyclothem in the foreland basin,with alluvial fan sediments in the lower part and playa sediments in the upper part.Sequence2is composed of Middle-Late Eocene red beds(50～40Ma )and represents a retrogressive and progressive cyclothem in the Yanyuan intermontane basin,with alluvial fan sediments in the lower and upper parts and fluvial sediments in the middle.Se-quence3is composed of Miocene coal-bearing beds(23～16Ma )and represents a coarse-upward progres-sive cyclothem in the foreland basin,with alluvial fan and lacustrine sediments.Sequence4is composed of the Pliocene-early Pleistocene Yanyuan Formation(4.29～2.58Ma )or Dayi conglomerate(3.6～1.7Ma )and represents a fining-upward retrogressive cyclothem in the foreland basin with alluvial fan sediments in the lower part and lacustrine sediments in the upper part.Sequence5is composed of the Middle Pleistocene Ya'an conglomerate(0.65～0.20Ma )and represents a fining-upward retrogressive cyclothem in the foreland basin.Based on the filling succession and discordant contacts between Cenozoic strata in the basin,six tec-tonic events along the eastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau are recognized.During each tectonic event ,thrusting was followed by strike-slip deformation,which controlled basin formation,sedimentation and tectonic sequence.During the second and third tectonic events related to the Late Eocene collision be-tween the Indian and Eurasian plates,deposition occurred within small intermontane basins.A hot ,dry climate gave rise to sediments dominated by red beds interbedded with gypsum and eolian sandstone.The fourth tectonic event in Early Miocene time resulted in deposition within a foreland basin.A warm,hu-mid climate gave rise to the deposition of lignite-bearing microclastic rocks,which was subsequently uplift-ed to an elevation of 2000m.The fifth began in Pliocene time ,during which a large volume of fan conglomerate was deposited in the foreland basin.The sixth tectonic event in Middle Pleistocene time re-sulted in deposition of conglomerate in the Chengdu foreland basin.
【Fund】： 国家自然科学基金(49802013);; 原地质矿产部青年地质学家基金(Qn979816)资助。
【CateGory Index】： P546
【CateGory Index】： P546