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《Geology in China》 2006-03
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Ore deposit types related to mafic-ultramafic rocks

WANG Yu-wang1,2,WANG Jing-bin1,2(1.School of Geosciences and Resources,China University of Geosciences(Beijing),Beijing 100083,China;2.Beijing Institute of Geology for Mineral Resources,Beijing 100012,China)  
This paper summarizes recent research results and introduces ore deposit types and mineralization related to mafic-ultramafic rocks.The dominant minerals under discussion are vanadic-titianomagnetite,copper-nickel,chromite,magnetite,PGE,cobalt,gold,magnesium,apatite,diamond,asbestos,vermiculite,gemstone and jade.The genetic types of ore deposit involved are mainly the magmatic type(including magmatic differentiation,magmatic injection,magmatic liquation and magmatic explosion),hydrothermal type,skarn type,metamorphic type,volcanic eruption type,supergene type(including weathering crust and placer deposits)and composite type.For convenience of mineral exploration and based on types of ore-bearing mafic-ultramafic bodies,combined with the genetic types and tectonic setting of ore deposits,the ore deposits related to mafic-ultramafic rocks may be classified into three major ore deposit types,i.e.those associated with plutonic rocks,hypabyssal rocks and extrusive rocks,and several subtypes.The major types,geological characteristics,genetic features and case histories of the ore deposits are introduced in details.Finally,on that basis,the mineralization related to the mafic-ultramafic rocks are discussed at the following four levels:(a)polymineralization of single deposits,(b)different deposit types and mineral assemblages of one complex,(c)association of different mafic-ultramafic rock suites,and(d)paragenetic relationships with non-ultramafic rock suites.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2001CB409806)
【CateGory Index】: P613
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