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《Geology in China》 2006-04
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3D structure of the asthenosphere beneath China and adjacent land and sea areas and its interaction with the lithosphere

CAI Xue-lin1, ZHU Jie-shou1,2, CAO Jia-min1, CHENG Xian-qun1 (1. Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Accumulation Geology and Development Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China)  
This paper discusses the 3D structure features of the asthenosphere beneath China and adjacent land and sea areas based on a systematic tectonic analysis of the 3D velocity structure by using seismic surface wave tomographic imaging. Both high-velocity blocks and low-velocity anomalies were discovered in the asthenosphere of the region, indicating the existence of vertical and lateral heterogeneities in the asthenosphere. Study of the 3D geometric structure of the low-velocity anomalies in the asthenosphere suggests that the anomaly beneath the South China Sea asthenosphere is composite mushroom-shaped. According to this finding, combined with the mantle body wave tomographic image, it is concluded that a giant composite mushroom-shaped low-velocity mantle plume might occur at over 2000 km depth in the region. In addition, this paper approaches the problem related to the impact of the asthenosphere on the lithospheric structure and their interaction.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(49734150、40234047);; 国土资源部重点科技专项计划项目(20001010206)联合资助。
【CateGory Index】: P313.2
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