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《Earthquake》 1991-05
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THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE FRACTAL DIMENSION VALUES OF LINEAMENTS

Kong Fanchen Ding Guoyu(Center for Analysis and Prediction, SSB) (State Seismological Bureau)  
In this paper the fractal dimension values of lineaments were obtained by means of the frequency-length statistics and analysed and compared with the texture complexity, activity, tectonic evolution and development, seismic characteristics and satellite image features. It is concluded that the magnitule of the fractal dimension values of lineaments reflects their texture complexity, their active intensity and the level of tectonic evolution and development. Different kinds of lineaments with different fractal dimension values usually correspond different seismicity and satellite image features. The younger the lineament, the larger the fractal dimension value, the much more complex of its texture and geometry, and the higher and stronger of its activty. The older the lineament, the smaller the fractal dimension value, the much simpler of its texture and geometry, and the weaker of its activity. During the developing process of a lineament from birth to death, many small secondary faults and ruptures tend to be connected, constituting relatively large faults, and the texture and geometry becomes simpler, and its activity undertaking a process from active and strong as well as frequent through weak to death. According to this opinion lineaments can be classified into different types with different tectonic activity and different complexity of texture and geometry, namely, the embryonic lineaments, the developing lineaments, the mature lineaments and decrepit lineaments, each corresponding different seismic characteristics.
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