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《Earthquake》 2009-02
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Experimental Study of Water-sandstone Reaction under Triaxial Stress

JIANG Yue1,DU Jian-guo1,YI Li1,LUO Li2,WANG Fu-kuan3,CHEN Zhi1(1.Institute of Earthquake Science,CEA,Beijing 100036,China;2.Institute of Geology,CEA,Beijing 100029,China;3.Inner Mongolia Corporation Ltd.of Geological Engineering,Hohhot 010051,China)  
Hydrochemical variations associated with the creeping and shearing deformation of saturated sandstone under triaxial compression were experimentally investigated,and genetic mechanism of hydrochemical anomalies related to earthquake was discussed.Concentrations of F-,Cl-,NO-3,SO2-4,Ca2+,Mg2+ and Na+ in the produced solutions under different stresses were measured by IC and ICP-OES.With the time of creeping increasing and the differential stresses on the saturated sandstone,the concentrations of different ions in the produced solution increased to different extents,only the concentration of Mg2+ decreased.Concentrations of F-and Cl-,which varied most obviously,increased by 10 and 4 times with creeping from 2 to 12 hours,and 5 and 3 times with the shearing stress increases respectively.These phenomena are mainly caused by the dissolution of minerals and mixture of fluid inclusions.The experiment results indicate that F-,Cl-and Ca2+ can be considered as sensitive components for monitoring earthquake in sandstone aquifers.
【Fund】: 地震预测研究所行业科研专项基金(02076902-33);; 中国地震局地质研究所地震动力学国家重点实验室开放基金(LED0703)资助
【CateGory Index】: P315.72
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