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《Crustal Deformation and Earthquake》 1989-03
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CALCULATION OF THE AFFECTIONS OF THE PRINCIPAL STRESS DIRECTION AND MAGNITUDE ON THE FAULT REACTIVATION

He Shihai (Center for analysis and prediction, S. S. B. China)  
The result of calculation reveals that the way of fault reactivation is dependent on the principal stress direction and magnitude: when the angle between directions of principal stress and fault plane θ_0 is about 65.2° to 61.3°( β_0 is 24.8° to 28.7°), the differential stress △σ=σ_(xx)-σ_(yy) between the maximum principal stress σ_(xx) and the minimum principal stress σ_(yy), needed for overcoming the friction drag and moving the fault, is smallest. The bigger the △σ, the larger the range △θ=θ_1-θ_2 of sliding fault. θ_1 and θ_2 are symmetrical to the θ_0. The extreme values of θ are 40.4° and 90° ( forβ, 49.6° and 0° ) The faults closing to or exceeding the extremum of θ are able to be earthquake rupture faults. This kind of faults around Beijing might be Babaoshan fault and Nankou—Sunhe fault. They are active faults and might be the major monitoring objectives.
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