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《Crustal Deformation and Earthquake》 2003-03
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PROBLEM OF COORDINATE TRANSFORMATION BETWEEN WGS-84 AND BEIJING 54

Wang Jiexian, Wang Jun and Lu Caiping (Dept. of Surveying,Tongji University,Shanghai\ 200092)  
Results of GPS positioning are usually represented in WGS-84 frame, but in construction projects, the local grid frame are usually adopted. How to carry out the coordinate transformation is always the problem concerned by surveyors. This paper introduces two algorithms for transferring the GPS result to local grid frame, these are plane transform model and the space transform model. The theory of the plane transform model is understandable and the result is reliable, but it is not suitable for large scale GPS network. The space transform model can be used in large scale GPS network. According to the project situation, the space transform model can be divided to seven-parameter model and there-parameter model. Because the ellipsoidal height on Beijing-54 ellipse usually can not be precisely known, this paper analyze the influence on plane coordinate precision and draws the conclusion that the precision of the plane coordinate influenced by the ellipsoidal height is very small. The difference between seven-parameter and there-parameter model is discussed as well.
【Fund】: 国家重大科学工程“中国地壳运动观测网络”项目 ;; 国家自然科学基金 (4 0 0 740 0 2 )
【CateGory Index】: P228.4
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