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《CRUSTAL DEFORMATION AND EARTHQUAKE》 1998-03
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GPS MEASUREMENT AND CURRENT CRUSTAL MOVEMENT ACROSS THE HIMALAYA

Wang Qi and You Xinzhao (Institute of Seismology, China Seismological Bureau, Wuhan 430071) Wang Wenyin and Yang Zhiqiang (Xi’an College of Engineering, Xi’an)  
The rapid uplift and crust thickening of the Qinghai Tibet plateau are attributed to the continental interaction between Indian and Eurasia plate, which can be accurately determined by GPS. The crustal movement rate across the Himalaya is observed firstly by the scientists from China and America in 1991. The convergent rate 17±3 mm/a between southern Tibet and Nepal is given by a series of measurements in 1992 and 1995. With the elastic model of dislocation, it can be explained that the Indian plate should be squeezed into the Tibet block at the rate 20±3 mm/a and with fault dip 9° toward north of lndian plate at depth 15~20 km in the Himalaya. And the extension rate 6±3 mm/a of southern Tibet at the direction N110°E is estimated. The velocity and orientation determined by GPS are rather consistent with that obtained by geologic and seismic data.
【Fund】: 中国地震局地震科学联合基金
【CateGory Index】: P227,P228
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