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《Chinese Journal of Medicinal Guide》 2007-05
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Sevoflurance vs Propofol in the Operative Induction of Cheilopalatognathus in Children

Guo Jian-zhong (Department of Anesthesiology,Boai Hospital of Zhongshan City,Zhongshan 528403,China)  
Objective:To compare the induction characteristics of sevoflurane inhalation with intravenous propofol in pediatric surgery.Methods:30 children patients(ASA physical statusⅠandⅡ)undergoing selective operations were randomly allocated to re- ceive induction by inhalation of sevoflurane or intravenous of propofol.BP、HR and SpO_2 were recorded before induction of anesthe- sia,after induction,immediately after and one minute after tracheal intubation.Time to consciousness loss,restlessness,breathholding, laryngospasm,bronchiospasm,nausea and vomiting were also recorded.Results:The times to loss of consciousness in the group of propofol and group of sevoflurane were(35.5±11.7)s and(38.5±11.4)s,respectively.There was no significant difference between the two groups.BPs after induction or tracheal intubation in both groups,compared with before induction,were no significant change. But the changes in HR were significantly different between two groups(P0. 05),Compared with before induction,HBs in group of propofol were increased significantly(P0. 05),and HRs in group of sevoflurane were significantly decreased(P0.05).Restless- ness was more common during induction with sevoflurane than propofol(46% vs.20%,P0.05).No incidence of breathholding,la- ryngospasm,bronchiospasm,nausea and vomiting were noted in both groups. Conclusion:Both propofol and sevoflurane can be used effectively and safely for induction of anesthesia in pediatric surgery.But heart rate was increased during induction with propofol and Excitatory movement was more common during induction with sevoflurane.
【CateGory Index】: R782.054
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【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital, Hefei 230051,ChinaYE Hong- wu;Anesthetic experience of selective posterior rhizotomy[J];Journal of Anhui Health Vocational & Technical College;2005-04
2 Dep of Heart Internal Medicine,Anhui Provincial Hospital, Hefei 230001,Anhui WU Hong-xin;Nursing of child's congenital heart disease under vein induced anesthesia[J];Journal of Anhui Health Vocational & Technical College;2005-05
3 SHU Shi-yu,BO Lin,YE Mao (Department of Anesthesiology, Children′s Hospital, Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400014, China);Chlorprocaine for epidural anesthesia in pediatrics[J];Chongqing Medical Journal;2005-02
4 XU Hong-zhen, BAI Lin(Department of Anesthesiology, Children′s Hospital, Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400014,China);Aspiration of gastric contents in pediatric anaesthesia:analysis of 49 cases[J];Chongqing Medical Journal;2005-02
5 Wu Yao-hua Zhou Feng Zhang Wen-sheng,et al.(Department of Anesthesiology,The First People's Hospital of Huanggang City,Huanggang 438000,China);Clinical Study of Low-flow Closed Circuit Anesthesia to Use in the Babies and Infants Primary Cleft of Lip or Palate Repair[J];Chinese Journal of Medicinal Guide;2008-06
6 Yin Guangfen Tang Jun Chen Chunyan ( Department of Anaesthesia, Affiliated Hospital of Dali Medical College, Dali 671000 ) He Hong( Department of Anaesthesia,Baoshan Teaching Hospital of Dali Medical College Baoshan 678007);Experiences of Anaesthesia in the Repair of Children’s Congenital Cleftpalate[J];JOURNAL OF DALI MEDICAL COLLEGE;1999-04
7 XU Hong-zhen, SU Yong-chun, ZHANG Hong, BAI Lin, WU Chun, KUANG Feng-wu (Department of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital, Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400014, China);Respiratory management of perioperative patients with congenital esophageal atresia accompanied by tracheo-esophageal fistula[J];Acta Academiae Medicinae Militaris Tertiae;2005-04
8 TAN Yi,ZHI Yong,LIU Ming.Dept.of Pediatric Surgery,the Affiliated Hospital of Luzhou Medical College,Luzhou 646000,China;The application of laparoscopy in lower digestive tract hemorrhage in children[J];Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery;2007-06
9 Yang Yuanxia Chen Hongbin Su Lijin;Comparison of complication during recovery period for children patients with eye operation by different general anesthesia method[J];Journal of Nurses Training;2005-09
10 You Jie,Zhou Chunlan,Zhou wang mei;Investigation and analysis for patients with lower respiratory tract infection during oral and maxillofacial surgery[J];Journal of Nurses Training;2009-03
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Mao Weike, Wang Mingling, Zeng Bangxong, et al Department of Anesthesiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan;The Effect of Fentanyl on Anesthesia Induction with Sevoflurane Inhalation[J];THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ANESTHESILOLGY;1998-05
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