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《Geography and Territorial Research》 2003-01
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Spatial Modeling Technologies for 3D GIS and 3D GMS

WU Li-xin1,SHI Wen-zhong2, Christopher Gold2(1.3S & Subsidence Eng. Institute of China Uni. Mining & Tech.,Beijing 100083; 2.LSGI of PolyU HongKong,China)  
3D Geographical Information System (3D GIS) and 3D Geosciences Modeling System (3DGMS) are the two parallel developing domains in Geosciences during the past decade. The differences and the common features between 3D GIS and 3D GMS are analyzed for the researching object, data source, spatial reference, spatial modeling, topological description, spatial measurement, spatial analysis and applications field. The spatial dimension is defined based on the comparison of mathematical models, elevation features, attribute features and modeling manners. Being classified into facial modeling, volumetric modeling and mixed modeling, the spatial modeling technologies are systematically analyzed, compared and discussed. The paper points out that the 3D GIS and 3D GMS will reach to the same destination and the full real 3D Geosciences Information System will be finally established.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(59804006);; 教育部"高校青年教师奖"专项基金;; 香港研究资助(3-ZB40)
【CateGory Index】: P208
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