A Study on Ecotourism Strategies for Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve
ZHANG Yin, XU Xue-gong(Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University,Beijing 100871,China)
During 20 years development of its tourism , Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve has encountered great menace of pollution and deterioration of the ecological environment, and unreasonable management and excessively pursuing of economic benefits are listed among the reasons. To achieve the goal of sustainable development of tourism and successfully maintain this world-famous forest ecosystem, ecotourism is strongly advocated, which is considered as the hope of Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve in the 21st century. This paper puts forward systematic suggestions as to the proper development strategies of the reserve, including broadening the reserve border, proper zoning, setting appropriate carrying capacity, shifting the management of tourism activities from mass tourism model to ecotourism model, scientific research priority, improving law and regulation system, fostering community involvement and promoting with an eco-friendly image.