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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2005-04
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The Characteristics of Quaternary Climate Fluctuation in the Tropics of China

HUANG Zhen-guo, ZHANG Wei-qiang, JIANG Lu-ming(Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China)  
The climatic fluctuation in Early Pleistocene is characterized by higher frequency and less amplitude with one or two main cycles in Chinese tropics.The"Middle Pleistocene Revolution"occurred nearby the boundary between MIS20 and MIS21.In general the climatic variation in Middle Pleistocene is of three main cycles.The main variation of climate is of two cycles in Late Pleistocene.The Last Subinterglacial Period of MIS3 is not a stable warm-humid period but there were 4~7 times of warning and cooling fluctuation.During the Last Glacial Period the largest amplitude of temperature drop is 5~9 ℃ in Taiwan Island,the second is 3~5 ℃,occurring in eastern tropics,and the minimum of 1~2 ℃ is only found in southern Yunnan.The drop amplitude in winter water temperature is relatively small in South China Sea,being 1~3 ℃.The beginning of the Last Glacial Period is 15 000~13 670 aB.P.,and fluctuations of the Oldest,Old and Younger Dryas as well as Bolling and Allerod can be recognized.During Holocene the Neoglaciation Ⅰ(8 090~7 140 aB.P.),Ⅱ(5 300~4 000 aB.P.) and Ⅲ(3 400~2 500 aB.P.) can be observed.During historical times of past (2 000) a,two cooling stages occurred in 1 700~1 400 aB.P.and 1 100~800 aB.P.respectively.Based on the historical records about cold winter from 1245 to 1915,it has been found that the Little Ice Age began in 1485 and ended in 1897.From the growth rate of reef coral,it is deduced that during the recent 200 a,the sea water temperature has risen by fluctuation amplitude of 0.9 ℃ in the former 100 a but has dropped by 1.9 ℃ in the later 100 a.The climatic events in Chinese tropics are the response to the global change in some degree.The researches of regional climatic variation especially in land region should be strengthened.It is necessary to research the longitude zonation and comparison between sea and land because of the regional differentiation of climate change.It is effective to use the experimental analysis of oxygen isotope,carbon isotope,susceptibility and trace element etc.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40371015)
【CateGory Index】: P467
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