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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2005-04
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Tourist Destination Community:The Ecology View on the Regional Tourism Spatial Relation

ZOU Ren-ai~(1,2,3),CHEN Jun-hong~3,CHEN Shao-yuan~(1,2,3)(1.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039;2.South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,Guangzhou 510301;3.Guangzhou Institute of Geography,Guangzhou 510070,China)  
With the development of the tourism industry and regional tourism growth,many countries and regions begin to think much of that how to coordinate the spatial relations of the tourist destinations in regional realm,but most of these studies are lack of the comprehensive illustrations of the spatial relations of the regional tourism,and in the practices of the coordinated spatial development of regional tourism,there is no effective spatial development mode.In the growing process,tourist destination has some life-form characteristics,such as its birth and development,life circle,community relation,symbiosis relation and its field (attractive range) and so on.According to this knowledge,this paper believes that the tourist destination is a special life-form,which can grow independently through continual adjusting and mutual benefiting with the surroundings,and puts the species theory of ecology into the tourism to research the spatial relations of regional tourism.Firstly,this paper introduces the research on the spatial relations of regional tourism.Secondly,basing on the theory of ecology,this paper points out the definition of the tourist destination community,discusses its forming factors,characteristics,and then analyses the essence of tourist destination community also.Thirdly,this paper analyses the spatial relations of tourist destination community such as predation,competition,symbiosis and autoeciousness in detail.Finally,taking Zhujiang Delta as the case study,the paper explains the problems and significances of the optimized strategy,and draws a practical conclusion:1) Zhujiang Delta has great geographical position advantages,cultural advantages and complementary tourist resources advantages to form the tourist destination community.2) The tourist destination community of Zhujiang Delta has very good spatial relationships,such as the co-evolution competition and mutualism,but still has some problems for the spatial relationship according to the part.Basing on this analysis,this paper also introduces the optimized strategies of the spatial relations.
【CateGory Index】: F590
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