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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2006-01
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Human-Earth-GIS Relations Discussion Based on Subject-Human and Geo-ontology

WU Li-xin~(1,2),XU Lei~2,CHEN Xue-xi~1,CHE De-fu~2(1.Center for RS/GPS/GIS & Digital Mine Research,Northeast University,Shenyang 110004;2.Institute of RS/GPS/GIS & Subsidence Engineering,China University of Mining and Technology,Beijing 100083,China)  
The relations of Human-EarthGIS are the foundation of Geoinformatics and GIS-related researches.The relation model of Human-Earth-GIS is transferring from traditional inter-direction connected to the geo-ontology cored.Based on the specification of subject-human and object-human,the status and functions of human in the relations of Human-Earth-GIS are discussed,and the relations of Human-Earth,Earth-GIS and Human-GIS are analyzed in this paper.By analyzing to the geo-ontology and Ontology,the relations between geo-ontology,scientific ontology and philosophic ontology are discussed,and the differences as well as the relations between geo-ontology,class and metadata are analyzed.It's concluded that geo-ontology,class and metadata are neither mutual contained nor mutual conflicted.They are function parallel in data sharing and multiplexing,but the geo-ontology focus on the semantic of spatial objects,the class focus on the definition of spatial object,and the metadata focus on the description of spatial data sets.Furthermore,a new Human-Earth-GIS relation model based on geo-ontology is constructed,which is comprised of two parts,cognition part and representation part,and three layers,the layer of Human cognition,the layer of GIS model and the layer of geo-phenomena and its relationship.With the cognition of subject-human being the backbone,the functions and inter-relations of each modules of this geo-ontology cored Human-Earth-GIS model are introduced,and the future direction is pointed out.
【Fund】: 国家杰出青年基金(50525414);; 国家自然科学基金(40571137);; 北京市自然科学基金重点项目(4041005);; 教育部“高校青年教师奖”专项基金;; 东北大学长江学者科研启动基金
【CateGory Index】: P208
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