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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2006-01
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A Fractal Method to Describe the Terrain Complexity Reflected by the Raster DEM

ZHOU Tong~(1,2),LONG Yi~1,TANG Guo-an~1,YANG Xin~1(1.Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographical Information Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210097;2.Institute of Geographical Sciences,Nantong University,Nantong 226007,China)  
A new analysis method is put forward in this paper,which is guided by the metafractal theory and can be applied in describing the terrain complexity of the raster DEMs.According to the theory,an analytical guide line,which is called terrain fractal dimension index(TFI),is defined.In this experimentation,a group of DEMs of high resolution and high precision whose map scale is(1∶10 000) and 1∶50 000 in Yao County,Shanxi Province are also selected as the basic data.The result shows that this method can effectively evaluate the terrain complexity of the DEMs data.As an experimental result,the TFI DTMs are homologous to the source data of DEMs pixel by pixel.Because the scale is adopted in the experimentation,it can reflect the variety of terrain from the micro view to the macro view through the regular change of the analysis scale.So it may be considered as a topographical factor,which can be applied for automatic division of landform region.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40271089);; 南京师范大学重点科研基金(2004105XGQ2B55)
【CateGory Index】: TP399
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