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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2007-05
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Representation and Reasoning of Spatial Relations in Geographical Space

LIU Yu1,GONG Yong-xi1,ZHANG Jing2,GAO Yong1(1.Institute of RS and GIS,Peking University,Beijing 100871;2.College of Resource Environment and Tourism,Capital Normal University,Beijing 100037,China)  
QSR(Qualitative Spatial Reasoning) has become an important research topic in both artificial intelligence(AI) and geographical information sciences.In AI,spatial relations are formally defined such that an inferable algebra can be established.However,modeling geospatial relations should consider some special properties of geographical space and geographical phenomena.They make representation and reasoning of spatial relations more accordant with the way that human beings manage and process spatial knowledge.This paper summarizes nine aspects of characteristics of geospatial relations.They include finititude and spherality of geographical space;semantics,complex actual shape,and areal distribution of features;cardinalities and hierarchies of spatial relations;and uncertain,3-dimensional,and temporal phenomena.The discussions on those nine aspects and two associated applications,geographical information retrieval and object based image analysis,provide directions for future research.
【Fund】: 国家高科技研究发展计划(863计划)项目(2007AA12Z216);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40701134)
【CateGory Index】: P208
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