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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2008-03
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Study on Distribution Patterns of Settlements Based on GIS-SDA

YAN Qing-wu1,2,BIAN Zheng-fu1(1.College of Environment and Spatial Informatics,China University of Mining & Technology,Xuzhou 221008;2.College of Urban and Environmental Science,Xuzhou Normal University,Xuzhou 221116,China)  
Spatial data analysis(SDA) and GIS play a key role in modeling spatial data.In this paper,the database of Xuzhou settlement distribution which is set up by RS images of 1994 and 2004 is employed to study the spatial distribution characteristics of settlements in Xuzhou with the method of GIS-SDA.The following conclusions can be drawn.By using nearest neighbor analysis and Ripley's K function,the clumped pattern of spatial distribution of settlements in Xuzhou is found.The conclusion that the degree of settlement agglomeration is decreased in research period can be drawn by the analysis of R index.The Ripley's K function indicates that as the investigation scale increasing the degree of settlement agglomeration would be first increased then decreased.Based on method of kernel estimation and Thiessen polygons,the settlement density in Xuzhou is computed.Compared with the two methods,the method of kernel estimation can model the whole change tendency of settlement distribution in Xuzhou clearly,the method of Thiessen polygons is sensitive to local spatial difference of distribution of settlements in Xuzhou.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(50574095);; 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助项目(NCET-04-0487);; 徐州师范大学自然科学基金项目(06XLB12)
【CateGory Index】: K901.8;P208
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