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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2009-06
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Obtainment of Grain-Size Populations Sensitive to Material Source Area of Sand-Dust Fallouts in Harbin City and Their Source Analysis

XIE Yuan-yun1,LIANG Peng2,MENG Jie1,HE Kui1,ZANG Shu-ying1(1.College of Geographic Science,Harbin Normal University,Harbin 150080;2.Office of Educational Administration,Harbin Normal University,Harbin 150080,China)  
Grain-size analysis of sand-dust fallouts retrieved from Harbin City in 2006 was carried out using a Malvern 2000 grain-size analyzer.The grain-size populations sensitive to material source area was obtained according to variations in the grain-size standard deviation,grain-size classes scope and content of all source components was attained,and source of different grain-size classes populations was discussed.Major conclusions include:1) 19.2 μm is a limit of short-term and long-term suspension sand-dust weather particles in Harbin,and 152.4 μm is grain-size upper limit of suspended particles.2) It is general that 20 μm is regarded as limit of long-term suspension components and short-term suspension components,and however grain-size upper limit of suspension loads is in well relation to wind power condition and ground condition.3) The sand-dust fallouts include four material source area populations:① 1 μm,② 1~19.2 μm,③ 19.2~152.4 μm,④ 152.4 μm.The former two components are the long-term suspension components,of which component ① represents the atmospheric dust background value,and of which component ② represents the long-range non-local sources of exogenous input,may be related to the transport of high-altitude air currents,the semi-arid areas,including Gansu and Inner Mongolia,may offer Harbin sand dust a certain amount of dust material.Component ③ are short-term suspension components,mainly arising from intra-regional dust weather,the loose bare surface soil,including city construction soil and road bare soil,is the major material sources.Component ④ is jumping or rolling component,derived from the accumulation of near-source material,elevating sand on the spot.4) Harbin sand dust weather in 2006 gives priority to outer-source input(about 63.8%),and near-source and inner-source input amount to 36.2%.The controlling of the loose bare surface soil still is the work keystone of preventing sand-dust weather around Harbin area.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40771195);; 黑龙江省自然科学基金项目(G200803);; 哈尔滨师范大学青年学术骨干资助计划项目(08KXQ-02)
【CateGory Index】: P425.55
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