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The Study on Urban Water Supply and Consumption of Huabei Plain

JIN Feng jun (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)  
As is known to all, Huabei plain is a area of water shortage. The situation of water shortage is serious in some urban areas, which affects the regional sustainable development. In this paper, the relationship between urbanization and water use in Huabei plain is studied. The results indicate that the urban water consumption in this area increased very quickly in past two decades, which is key factor resulting in the water shortage. The factors determined the growth of water consumption are different among the cities. According to the water consumption feature, the cities are classified into four types. In order to mitigate the contradiction between water resource supply and water consumption, it is important to adjust the urban industrial structure and develop the techniques for saving water in production. In addition, it is also necessary to establish regional water supply network.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“九五”重大研究项目!( KZ951-A1-203-03)
【CateGory Index】: TU991.1
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