Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Progress In Geography》 2001-04
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

A Research of the Impacts of Uneven Precipitation on the Natural Runoff in the Yellow River

ZHANG Shi feng, JIA Shao feng (Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China)  
The impact of uneven precipitation on the runoff amount is very significant in the Yellow River basin. The years of 1983 and 1985 are both rich hydrological years with precipitation of 501 mm and 502 mm, respectively, but the natural runoff amounts of the two years at the Huayuankou station are 76 5 and 63 8 billion m\+3. This means that there is a 12 7 billions m\+3 difference of runoff amount when the rainfalls are almost the same. This paper analyzes the impact of precipitation unhomogeneity on runoff generation. Firstly, the impact of spatial unhomogeneity is analyzed. The normal method is to divide the Yellow river basin into five sections , namely, upper Lanzhou section, Lanzhou-Hekou section, Hekou-Longmen section, Longmen-Sanmenxia section, Sanmenxia-Huayuankou section. When we analyze by using this division, the simulation result in the four sections of lower Lanzhou region is quite good, but the simulation result in upper Lanzhou section is bad. Concretely, the simulation result is that the runoff amount in 1983 is 6 7 billion m\+3 more than that of 1985 in the middle reaches, which is very close to the measured 5 4 billion m\+3. And the result also shows that the reason of the difference of the runoff amount generated in the middle reach is that the precipitation and runoff in the Longmen-Sanmenxia section is different. In the Lanzhou-Hekou section, the difference of precipitation doesn't impact the runoff very significantly since the precipitation-runoff generation coefficient is very small. The runoff amount generated in this section is very small. The precipitation and runoff in the Hekou-Longmen section and Sanmenxia-Huayuankou section are different but total amounts are very close. Therefore the reason for the difference of water amount is the runoff generation in the upper Lanzhou section and Longmen-Sanmenxia section. According to simulation result through the precipitation-runoff relation, the precipitation and runoff amount in 1983 is less than that of 1985, but the measured figure of precipitation in 1983 is less than that of 1985 while the runoff in 1983 is 7 5 billion m\+3 more than that of 1985. This means that the normal division can not explain the runoff generation characteristics. Then we make further division of the spatial scale by subdivision of upper Lanzhou section into upper Tangnaihai section and Tangnaihai-Lanzhou section. The result is that, although the precipitation of upper Lanzhou section of 1983 is less than that of 1985, the precipitation and runoff of upper Tangnaihai section of 1983 are larger than those of 1985, and the precipitation and runoff of Tangnaihai-Lanzhou section of 1983 keep less than those of 1985, while this upper Tangnaihai section is the so-called high water generation rate section. This result can explain why the runoff of upper Lanzhou section in 1983 is larger than that of 1985 while the precipitation of upper Lanzhou section in 1983 is less than that of 1985. Such a subdivision can clearly indicate that the precipitation and runoff relation in upper Tangnaihai section is dominant in the upper Lanzhou sction. Therefore spatial division must be drawn into Tangnaihai section at least, and the result could explain the precipitation-runoff relation. Secondly, we subdivide the temporal scale into flood period and non flood period. Analysis result shows that such a time scale division doesn't impact very much of precipitation-runoff relation and that, at the verse, the simulation result of precipitation-runoff relation is worse than that in year-scale.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础发展规划项目 (G1 9990 4 3 6 0 1 G1 9990 4 3 6 0 2 );; 中国科学院重点研究项目资 助 (区域 - 990 3 )
【CateGory Index】: P333.1
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 DING Wen-feng,ZHANG Pingcang,REN Hong-yu(Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute,Wuhan 430010,China);Quantitative Analysis on Evolution Characteristics and Driving Factors of Annual Runoff and Sediment Transportation Changes for Jialing River[J];Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute;2008-03
2 HAO Fanghua, CHEN Liqun, LIU Changming, ZHANG xuesong(Institute of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University; 00875, China);Model Output Uncertainty Due to Spatial Variability of Rainfall[J];Progress In Geography;2003-05
3 ZHENG Hongxing~1,LIU Changming~(1,2)(1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS,Beijing 100101;2.Institute of Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875);Changes of Annual Runoff Distribution in the Headwater of the Yellow River Basin[J];Progress In Geography;2003-06
4 YAO Zhijun,GUAN Yanping,GAO Yingchun (Institute of geographic Sciences and Natural Resources research, CAS, Beijing 100101,China);Analysis of Distribution Regulation of Annual Runoff and Affection to Annual Runoff by Human Activity in the Chaobaihe River[J];Progress In Geography;2003-06
5 YUAN Zhihua,YAN Junping,LIU Yufeng(Tourism and Environment Department,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062,China);Analysis of the Runoff and Sediment Development Distribution and Influencing Factor of Fenhe River during the Last 50 Years[J];Progress in Geography;2008-05
6 LI Chunhui 1 , YANG Zhifeng 1,2 (1. Institute of Water Sciences,Beijing Normal University,Key Laboratory for Water and Sediment Sciences,Ministry of Education,Beijing100875, China; 2. Institute of Environmental Sciences,Beijing Normal University,State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation,Beijing100875, China);Net Water Natural Loss in the Main Channels of the Yellow River[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2003-04
7 GUO Liang-cai1,2,WANG Fu-cun3,WU Fang-rong4,LIU Xiao-yun2(1.Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Changing and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province,Institute of Arid Meteorology,China Meteorology Administration,Lanzhou,Gansu 730020,China;2.Jiuquan Meteorological Bureau,Jiuquan,Gansu 735000,China;3.Zhangye Meteorological Observatory,Zhangye,Gansu 734000,China;4.Baiyin Meteorological Observatory,Baiyin,Gansu 730900,China);Distribution characteristics of Hexi corridor inland river basins' runoff in recent 51 years[J];Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas;2009-05
8 DING Yanfeng, PAN Shaoming ( Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Coast and Island Development, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China );Analysis on the Evolutionary Characteristics of Annual Runoff and Sediment Flux Distribution of the Yellow River[J];Marine Science Bulletin;2008-03
9 LUAN Zhao-Qing1,CAO Hui-Cong1,ZHOU De-Min1,DENG Wei2,3(1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130012,Jilin,P.R.China;2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu 610041,Sichuan,P.R.China;3.Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,P.R.China);Impact of Human Activities on the Hydrological Regime of Bielahong River Watershed[J];Wetland Science;2008-02
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 GAO Yan chun, WANG Chang yao (Institute of Remote Sensing Application, CAS, Beijing\ 100101);Biospheric Aspects of Hydrological Cycle: BAHC Plan and its Research Progress[J];PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY;2000-02
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LI Chunhui1,2) ZHENG Xiaokang1) YANG Zhifeng1) PANG Aiping1) SHEN Nan1)(1)School of Environment;Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences of Ministry of Education: Beijing Normal University,100875,Beijing,China;2)Institute of Water and Soil Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources;State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau: 712100,Yangling,Shanxi);TRENDS OF ANNUAL NATURAL RUNOFF IN THE YELLOW RIVER BASIN[J];Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science);2009-01
2 LIN Xueyu1,2,LIAO Zisheng1,2,SHI Qinzhou3 (1.College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun130026,China;2.Beijing Normal University, Beijing100875,China;3.Geology Engineering Co. of Heinan Province,Zhengzhou450053,China);STUDY ON GROUNDWATER EXPLOITATION IN RIVERSIDE ALONG LOWER REACHES OF THE YELLOW RIVER ——A Case Study of Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Section[J];Journal of Changchun University of Science and Technology;2003-04
3 LIN Xue-yu~ 1,2 , LIAO Zi-sheng~1,SU Xiao-si~1, QIAN Yun-ping~3 1.Institute of Water Resources and Environment, Jilin University,Changchun 130026,China 2.Institute of Water Science ,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China 3.Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources Science, Yellow River,Zhengzhou 450003,China;Groundwater Resources and Their Countermeasures of Development and Utilization in Yellow River Basin[J];Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition);2006-05
4 FU Guo bin (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101);Water-saving Irrigation Regionalization and Water-saving Measures in the Irrigation Districts of the Huanghe River Basin[J];PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY;2000-02
5 XIA Jun(Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing100101 China);A Perspective on Hydrological Base of Water Security Problem and Its Application Study in North China[J];Progress In Geography;2002-06
6 SONG Xianfang, XIA Jun, YU Jingjie, LIU Changming(Institute of Geographical Sciences & Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing100101 China);The Prospect in the Research of Water Cycle at the Typical Catchments of North China Plain Using Environmental Isotopes[J];Progress In Geography;2002-06
7 JIANG Dejuan1, WANG Huixiao1, LI Lijuan2(1.Institute of Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 1008752.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101);A Review on the Classification and Calculating Methods of Ecological and Environmental Water Requirements[J];Progress In Geography;2003-04
8 LI Chunhui1,2,YANG Zhifeng1,2,ZHENG Xiaokang1,PANG Aiping2(1.Key Lab of Water and Sand Science,Ministry of Education,School of Environment,Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation,School of Environment, Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China);Threshold Model of Water Resource Exploitation and Its Application in the Yellow River Basin[J];Progress in Geography;2008-02
9 LI Chunhui 1 , YANG Zhifeng 1,2 (1. Institute of Water Sciences,Beijing Normal University,Key Laboratory for Water and Sediment Sciences,Ministry of Education,Beijing100875, China; 2. Institute of Environmental Sciences,Beijing Normal University,State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation,Beijing100875, China);Net Water Natural Loss in the Main Channels of the Yellow River[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2003-04
10 LIU Changming1,2, ZHANG Xuecheng3(1. Institute of Water Science, College of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;3. Bureau of Hydrology, Yellow River Conservancy Commission, Zhengzhou 450004, China);Causal Analysis on Actual Water Flow Reduction in the Mainstream of the Yellow River[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2004-03
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 SHI Ya feng 1, SHEN Yong ping 1, HU Ru ji 2(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Scie;Preliminary Study on Signal, Impact and Foreground of Climatic Shift from Warm-Dry to Warm-Humid in Northwest China[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2002-03
2 HOU Yi-ling~1,2, LI Dong-liang~1, SHI Ya-feng~1, SHEN Yong-ping~1(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Groduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Interdecadal Variations of Annual Precipitation in Northeast China and Its Neighborhood during Past 50 Years[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2005-06
3 WANG Zu lin ZHOU Yin qing (Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,Dept. of Electronic Engineering);Multifractal Spectrum and Calculation[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS;2000-03
4 Shi Yuhu Yuan Kekan (Hubei Academy of Forestry Science and Research,Wuhan ,430075,P.R.China);Influence on River Flow and Sediment by Changes of Forest in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area of West Hubei Province[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY;1998-06
5 JIANG Zhi-qiang(Collage of Computer Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun 130026,China);Some questions in the applications research of fractaland analyse of its present situation and foreground[J];Journal of Changchun Post and Telecommunication Institute;2004-01
6 HE Zheng-wei~1,2 , HUANG Run-qiu1, HE Feng-qin3, ZHAO Yin-bing1, SONG Yin1, CHEN Xiao-liang1, ZHANG Xue-feng1, XU Yan1 1.National Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention & Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China; 2.Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory for Resource Environment and Geographic Information System, Captial Normal University, Beijing 100037, China; 3.China University of Mining, Beijing 100083, China;Dynamic change analysis of the water and soil erosionin Panzhihua, Sichuan, China[J];Journal of Chengdu University of Technology(Science & Technology Edition);2005-03
7 Zhang Xingchang Shao Mingan (State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryfarming on Loess Plateau, Yangling,Shaanxi 712100);Soil Organic Matter and Nitrogen Losses by Erosion in Little Catchment Model as Effected by Vegetation Coverage[J];ACTA AGRESTIA SINICA;2000-03
8 CAO Yin-gui①②,WANG Jing①,LIU Zheng-jun③,CHENG Ye①②,LIU Ai-xia1,XU Ning①②(① Land Key Laboratory of the Land Resources Ministry,Beijing 100035;②Department of Land Science and Technology,China University of Geoscience,Beijing 100083;③Institute for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping,Beijing 100039);Analyses on temporal-spatial traits of land use in three gorges during 30 years[J];Science of Surveying and Mapping;2007-06
9 CHENG Xue-jun, TAN De-bao (Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute, Wuhan430010, China);Research of dynamic changes of land use in Three Gorges Reservoir region[J];Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute;2004-03
10 HUI Yang,ZHANG Xiao hua,CHEN Zhu jin (Institute of Hydrobiology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072,China);PRESENT SITUATION AND STRATEGY ABOUT THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE XIANGXI RIVER BASIN[J];RESOURCES AND ENUIRONMENT IN THE YANGTZA BASIN;2000-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 CHEN Shi-qiang1,WEN Li-juan1,L Shi-hua1,CHEN Changping2,AO Yin-huan1,ZHANG Yü1,BAO Yan1 (1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Meteorological Bureau of Tibetan Self-governing District of Gannan,Hezuo Gansu 747000,China);Study of NDVI and Climate Change in Maqu County,Upstream of Yellow river[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2007-01
2 FU Yang,XIAO Jian-she,XIAO Rui-xiang,LI Feng-xia,ZHANG Juan,LIU Bao-kang,SU Wen-jiang,LI Fu,FENG Shu-qing (Qinghai Meteorological Science Institute,Xining Qinghai 810001,China);Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Qaidam Basin——A Case Study in the Keluke Lake Basin[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2008-06
3 Li Chunhui 1) Yang Zhifeng 2)( 1)School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Key Laboratory for Water and Sediment Sciences, Ministry of Education; 2)School of Environment, Beijing Normal University State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation: 100875, Beijing, China);DIVISIONAL ASSESSMENTS OF NATURAL RUNOFF IN THE YELLOW RIVER BASIN[J];Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science);2004-04
4 JIANG Yan, ZHOU Chenghu, CHENG Weiming (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101);Analysis on the Characteristics of Runoff Time Series in Akesu Basin[J];Progress In Geography;2005-01
5 WANG Liyan, LV Changhe, YAO Zhijun ( Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China; Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China);A Spatiotempral Analysis of Land Use Change and its Driving Forces in the Upper Reaches of the Chaobai River, North China[J];Progress In Geography;2005-05
6 SUN Ning1,LI Xiubin1,RAN Shenghong1,LI Zijun2(1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;2.College of Population,Resources and Environment,Shandong Normal University,Jinan 250014,China);The Changes of Rainfall-runoff Relationship and the Impacts of Human Activities in the Upper Chao Watershed[J];Progress in Geography;2007-05
7 JIN Ming1,2, YU Jingjie1 (1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, CAS, Beijing 100101, China; (2. Graduate School of Chinese Academic of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China);The Impact of Ecological Protection and Afforestation on Streamflow in Heihe River Basin[J];Progress in Geography;2008-03
8 DAI Xiangqian1,3,ZHENG Hongxing1,LIU Changming1,2,ZHU Ruirui1,3(1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China; 2.College of Water Sciences,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China; 3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Ecological Flow Spectrum and Its Change in the Headwaters of Chaobaihe River[J];Progress in Geography;2008-04
9 YUAN Zhihua,YAN Junping,LIU Yufeng(Tourism and Environment Department,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062,China);Analysis of the Runoff and Sediment Development Distribution and Influencing Factor of Fenhe River during the Last 50 Years[J];Progress in Geography;2008-05
10 FU Kaidao,HE Daming,CHEN Wu,YE Changqing,LI Yungang(Asian International Rivers Center,Yunnan University,Kunming 650091,China);Impacts of Dam Constructions on the Annual Distribution of Sediment in Lancang-Mekong River Basin[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2007-01
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved