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《Progress In Geography》 2003-03
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A Review on Application of Spatial Data Analysis Technology in Public Health

WU Jilei1,WANG Jinfeng1,ZHENG Xiaoying2,SONG Xinming2,MENG Bin1,ZHANG Keli3 (1Institute of Geography Science and Nature Resource Research, CAS, Beijing 1 00101,China2Institute of Population Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China3Department of Resource and Environment Science, Beijing Normal University, Be ijing 100875,China)  
Spatial data analysis (SDA) technology mostly is concerned with data, which are not independent spatially and temporally, and the spatial correlation and spatia l association among the studied objects are of interest Spatial correlation mo stly refers to the relation among the objects themselves while the spatial assoc iation considers the neighborhood effects between the objects After the cor relation and association among objects with spatial attribution are analyzed wit h SDA technology, spatial pattern will be perceived and explained Then we can predict and coordinate the spatial processes furtherIn public health study area, most data acquired have spatial and temporal attrib utions, so advanced technology are needed to analysis the pattern of diseases di stribution, this is a preliminary and important step to identify the risk factor s in environment to the diseases With the understanding of the patterns and risk factors, the prevention and intervening counter measures to the disease would b e easily acquired In this paper, the author gave a review on application of SD A technology in public health, including the pattern identification, hotspots de tection, environmental risk factors identification, and public health resourc e distribution as wellMoreover, the developments of the software which are use ful to public health spatial analysis were discussed alsoThough the progress of SDA technology applied into public health meets some encu mbrance, there are more advantages to public health with spatial analysis And with the fast developments of information technology and geographical informatio n system software's maturation in applications in many fields, spatial data will be enriched and give potential requirement of SDA technology including public h ealth study; then this will take a rapid change in public health study
【Fund】: 本研究是在国家973项目(2001CB5103);; 863课题以及中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程和国家自然科学基金支持下进行的.
【CateGory Index】: R181.3
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