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《Progress In Geography》 2004-04
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International Experience of the Rational Energy Use and CO_2 Emission Reduction

LANG Yihuan1, WANG Limao1, WANG Dongmei2(1. Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101; 2. University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249)  
One of the key goal in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol is that reducing greenhouse gas emissions and control climate change. The main developed countries, such as US, U.K., France, German and Japan, have cost several hundred years in their industrialization. As a result, they have accumulated some advanced technology and experience in energy saving and CO2 emission reduction. As China′s economy developed fast and population increasing, energy will be exploited greatly and the emission of CO2 will also be increased greatly. So we should make our best endeavors to control and reduce the emission of greenhouse, whether in the view of sustainable develop or under an international obligation. In order to reduce the emission of CO2 and realize sustainable development we should learn the developed countries experience on energy use, structural adjustment and energy saving. Some foreign experience we can learn from is as follows: (1) planning and carrying out development strategies of rational energy use and CO2 emission reduction; (2) establishing and improving laws; (3) adjusting energy structure; and (4) implementing economic incentive policies and measures.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重大项目(KZCX1-SW-01-18);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2002CB412508)共同资助.
【CateGory Index】: X321
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