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《Progress In Geography》 2004-05
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Impact of Tourist Activities on the Environment in Bitahai Lake Wetland Ecotourism Scenic Spot

WANG Jinliang, WANG Ping, LU Fen, YANG Guihua(College of Tourism and Geographic Science, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650092) (College of Tourism, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091)  
Bitahai lake wetland could incarnate the artistic conception of "Shangri-La" in farthest. It attracts many tourists to visit every year. It is the most important spot of "Shangri-La" ecotourism scenic region. Based on field investigation and analysis, the paper analyzed the temporal and spatial distribution of tourist' s activities and their impacts on environment factors (soils and plants, etc.). The results showed that the closer to tour routes and the longer the tourist' s activities last, the stronger the impacts of tourists' activities on the soils characteristics and plants characteristics are. In the same plot, the changes of soil characteristic are quite different under different types and intensity of stresses. The impacts of tourist's activities on vegetations include: vegetation removed, trample of horses and tourists, collection of tourists, nibble of horses, garbage thrown away by people, excrement of horses, and invasion of species. The negative impacts of tourism activities on environment would result in the loss of wetland landscape, biodiversity and ecotourism. Then, some measures on environmental protection of Bitahai lake wetland were represented in the article.
【Fund】: 云南省自然科学基金项目(2002D0036M) 国家自然科学基金项目(40361007、400610087)成果之一
【CateGory Index】: X820.3
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