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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 1982-03
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AN APPROACH TO DISTRIBUTION AND DEVELOPMENT LAW OF MIRE

Huang Xichou (Changchun Institute of Geography,Academia Sinica)  
Mire science is a new branch of physical geography in China and thehistory of study is shorter.So some basic theories and concepts are not veryclear and definite.Some ideas from foreign countries have been ussd in China,but they are not suited to the characteristics of out marshes.Because of vast and unbalanced mire distributions,scholars have twodifferent views on geographical regularity of mire distribution.Some hold thatmires are distributed intrazonally or azonally.Others maintain mire disributionis largely zonal.In this paper,the author cited some opinions proposeed by somescientists and examples showing zonal distribution.Author suggests that thedistributions of various types of mires are restricted by the law of naturaldifferentiation.Although mire develops in a certain zone,it does not occur isolately in thezone,and it is closely related to and interacts with around zonational ecological(?)nvironments.The natural complex in intrazonal environments bears evidence ofzonality.Therefore,the author considers that mire distribution possesses zonaland intrazonal characteristics.The unified theory of mire genesis has been used in mire study and regardedas basis of mire classification.Analyses of pollen and C~(14) dating indicate that the theory is only suitableto frigid temperate taiga zone.China's mire has mostly remained in the stage oflow moor since the Holocene.There is not certainty of the law developing fromlow moor to high bog.The development law of mire not only depends on time,but also isrestricted by space and sites.So it is not suitable that developments of all miresare included in a unified pattern.Mire develops as multi-pattern.
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