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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 1994-02
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BASIC FEATURES OF FOREST STEPPE IN THE LOESS PLATEAU

Zhu Zhicheng (Department of Biology,Northwest University ,Xi'an 710069)  
The Loess Plateau is situated at 33°3'-40°6'N,100°5'-114°3'E. It is covered with loess of 50-150 m thick. As it is eroded by flowing water for a long time,it formed alone yuan,beam-ridges and hill-gullies topography. Humidity and heat decrease gradu-ally from southeast to northwest in the Loess Plateau. The forest is replaced by the steppe, and an obvious transition zone formed between them, it is a forest steppe. Its characteristic is that stunted exro-mesophilous trees are distributed sparsely on the meadow steppe. The meadow steppe mainly consists of xero-mesophytes and meso-xero-phytes,the trees cover degree is usually less than 20%,generally about 10%,sometimes below 5%. Precipitation of about 420-520 mm is a decisive factor of the existence of the forest-steppe in the Loess Plateau.
【CateGory Index】: S718
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1 Ren XLanwei Wang Liangmin;GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF DECIDUOUS OAKS IN CHINA[J];;1985-02
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