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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 1996-02
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INPACTS OF ORIENTATIONS OF SLOPES AND ELEVATION ON RAINFALL IN MOUNTAINOUS REGIONS

Wang Ling(Commission for Integrated Survey on Natural Resources, Academia Sinia, Beijing 100101)  
Impacts of orientation of slopes and elevation in some mountatious areas are compli-cated.In North China, mountainous region may be divided into 14 sub-regions according to the variations of different parameters of rainfall with elevation.The variation of rainfall with the local elevation shows an increasing tendency of loga-rthmic function while the variation of rainfall with macro-regional height shows a decreas-ing tendency of exponential function.On the basis of sub-regions, the variations of the distrubusions of rainfall in moun-tainous regions may be expressed as a linear function of geographical coordinates:Pi = a0i + a1iψ + a2iλ + a3ihwhere Pi is the rainfall calculated. a0i is a constant, a1i, ,a2i, a3i are the partial correlation co-efficients, ψ is the latitude, λ is the longitude and h is the height.The maximum rainfall height often occurs in the range of a warm and wet air current forced to rise. The wetter this current is, the lower the maximum rainfall hight is, vice
【CateGory Index】: P461
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