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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 1996-02
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Wang Ling(Commission for Integrated Survey on Natural Resources, Academia Sinia, Beijing 100101)  
Impacts of orientation of slopes and elevation in some mountatious areas are compli-cated.In North China, mountainous region may be divided into 14 sub-regions according to the variations of different parameters of rainfall with elevation.The variation of rainfall with the local elevation shows an increasing tendency of loga-rthmic function while the variation of rainfall with macro-regional height shows a decreas-ing tendency of exponential function.On the basis of sub-regions, the variations of the distrubusions of rainfall in moun-tainous regions may be expressed as a linear function of geographical coordinates:Pi = a0i + a1iψ + a2iλ + a3ihwhere Pi is the rainfall calculated. a0i is a constant, a1i, ,a2i, a3i are the partial correlation co-efficients, ψ is the latitude, λ is the longitude and h is the height.The maximum rainfall height often occurs in the range of a warm and wet air current forced to rise. The wetter this current is, the lower the maximum rainfall hight is, vice
【CateGory Index】: P461
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