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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2001-01
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Research on the Relationship of Loess Plataeu Soil Erosion to the Evolution of Yellow River Delta Since the Late Pleistocene

ZHANG Li ping 1, ZHU Da kui 2, YANG Da yuan 2 (1. Institute of Soil and Water Resource and Environment. Zhejiang University,Hangzhou,Zhejiang 310029; 2.State Pilot Laboratory of Coast and Island Exploitation,Nanjing University,Nanjiang,Jiangsu 21  
The Yellow River has been an integrated drainage system since it linked up in the middle pleistocene Serious soil erosion of Loess Plateau in the middle reaches has caused the river bed deposition in the lower reaches and the delta change in river outlet It is the main reason that sediment content in the Yellow River has occupied first place in the world rivers In the late Pleistocene and early and middle Holocene epoch period, Loess Plateau soil erosion law basically abided by the law of natural ecological environment evolution Intense soil erosion main occurred in the transition period between loess accumulation and soil formation on the base of polycyclic climatic variation Palaeochannels of the Yellow River lower reaches main developed in the early period of intense soil erosion The middle period of intense soil erosion was river outlet delta development period Lower reaches river diversion centralizing happended in the late period of intense soil erosion In the human history period, as the development of human history, soil erosion continuative occurred and soil erosion intensity became more and more serious because human irrational action destroyed natural vegetation and accelerated soil erosion Loess Plateau soil erosion evolution law basically abided by the frequently of changes between drought and excessive rain. In arid period, rainfall was not fairly well distributed, and the calamity of drought and excessive rain became frequent, soil erosion became more serious However, amount of runoff were less, river bed were silted up, and palaeochannels developed In the year of rainfall being fairly well distributed, the Yellow River sediment content and delivery ratio were close to one, the deposited velocity of river outlet delta increased In the warm and humid period, runoff content increased, lower reach river diversion frequency became higher and higher, river outlet delta developed in transverse
【Fund】: 南京大学海岸与海岛开发国家试点实验室课题资助!实验室成果编号SCIEL 2 119910 8;; 浙江大学 2 0 0 0年人才引进资金资 助
【CateGory Index】: S157
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