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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2003-05
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Research on the Layout and Planning of Distribution Park in City-A Case of Dalian

HAN Zeng-Lin, LI Ya-Jun, WANG Li (Studies Center of Marine Economy and Sustaintial Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029)  
In China, more and more attention has been paid to logistics. Putting logistics as their supporting industry to economy development,many areas are making logistics development programming. Rational layout of logistics nodes, on the one hand is essence guarantee for realization of logistics profits, on the other hand is one of the most important keys of making the planning of logistics. At first the paper explained the distinguish of the meanings of Logistics base, Distribution park, Special logistics center, Distribution node,at the same time discussed the relationship about the logistics spacial nodes system of Distribution parks,and concluded the main functions of the Logistics park. Based on the proved research , we analysed the affecting factors of the forming and development of Distribution parks farther,which including the factors of market, government policy, and geographical environment. In the third sector the paper emphasized what is the basic idea of logistics planning. One of the purposes of modem logistics is how to realize the goods quickly move. For that purpose the building of Distribution park is helping to join the demander and the supplyer effectively and combine all kinds of transport, such as multimdal transport, container transport. The directions and principles of planning of Distribution park were brought forward in this place. The last part of this paper was aimed to take Dalian as an example for the layout and planning of the Distribution park, Special logistics center and Distribution node . The basic mode of Dalian Distribution park is Three Lays Structure:"Integrate Distribution park - Special logistics center - Distribution node". According to the relative data of planning of Distribution parks, important traffic hinges, wholesale commerce centers, warehouse position from different trades and areas in Dalian,we selected sixteen sites as objects of planning and analysed the affecting factors to each site. Through the method of Delphi the order of affecting factors was gained in percent style. Then we calculated the integrate scores of every site and through scores,we can compared the level, status , function of every site and gained six sites as main Distribution park at last. After selecting Distribution park, we choiced the suited sites as Special logistics centers according to the economy condition of Dalian, such as some special logistics center about crop, lumber, aquatic product, petroleum and so on. Distribute node belongs to either Distribution park or Special logistics center. The purpose of setting it is to improving the speed of quick reply. The third level-Distribute nodes are divided into four kinds: the service object is the living of residenter and the office work of government, corporation or other oganizations( BtoC) ; the service object is productive activity of industry(BtoB) ; the service object is business activity including wholesale, retail and terminal market (BtoB) ;the service object is productive activity of agriculture (BtoC).
【Fund】: 国家自然科学资金(40271030)
【CateGory Index】: F259.2
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