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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2004-03
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Correlations between Surface Runoff and Their Time Variations in the Joint Zone between Qinling Mountains and Huanghuai Plain

GUAN Hua~1, LI Bin~2 (1.City and Environment College, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116; 2.Environment and Planning College, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475001)  
There is generally an inverse interrelated relationship between surface runoff and its time variations (seasonal and annual variation) in most areas of the world and China, but it is direct interrelated relationship in the joint zone between Qinling mountains and Huanghuai Plain. Based on the 1962-1999 observation data of 42 runoff stations in the joint zone and its adjoining area, we get the following results: the distribution lows of the surface runoff depth is that its value increases progressively from north to south and from plain to mountain, the distribution lows the proportion of winter runoff and annual runoff R_w/R is that its value increases progressively from south to north and from mountain to plain, the distribution lows the proportion of the summer runoff and annual runoff R_s/R and flood season runoff and annual runoff R_f/R are that their values increase progressively from north to south and from plain to mountain, and these results shows that there is a direct interrelated relationship between the surface runoff and its seasonal variation; both the proportion of extreme value of annual runoff K_m and the variation coefficient of annual runoff C_v have the distribution lows that their values increase progressively from north to south and from plain to mountain, and these results shows that there is a direct interrelated relationship between the surface runoff and its annual variation too. The main causes of formation of the abnormal phenomenon are that the surface runoff depths of different areas have less differences in winters and wet years, and have much differences in summers and dry years. In other words, the differences of annual runoff of different areas formed mainly in summers and wet years.
【CateGory Index】: P333.6
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