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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2004-04
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Remote Sensing Analysis on Forest and Grass Cover Changes in the Contiguous Region of Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia

YAN Chang-Zhen~(1,2), WU Bin-Fang~1 (1. Institute of Remote Sensing Application, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101; 2 Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000)  
With the assistance of remote sensing and geographic information systems, the land resource databases in 1986 and 2000 have been established through interpreting the Landsat TM images of the two times, and the extent of the databases includes the contiguous region of Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia in the northern China. According to the information of forest and grass cover derived from the databases, the following points can be (concluded:) in the whole (region,) there was (3 321 860) ha of forestland and grassland in (2000,) occupying 56.87% of the total area, the forestland occupied 13.72% of them, and grassland occupied 86.28%. Although the forest and grass cover had increased by 22 829 ha from 1986 to 2000, accouting for 0.69% of its total area, the function of protection and regulation of forest and grass cover had decreased and the size, acreage and shape complexity of their patches also declined. At the same time, only the low cover grassland had increased among all types of forestland and grassland. The decreasing factors of vegetation cover change were mainly deforestation, reclamation of grassland, and desertification of grassland, and the increasing factors were the completion of eco-environment construction projects, such as afforestation, returning farmland back into forestland or grassland and so on.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新项目(KZCX3-SW-334)。
【CateGory Index】: X835
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