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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2005-02
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Ecological Rationality Assessment of Industrial Structure in Shandong Province

REN Li-Jun, SHANG Jin-Cheng ( Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130012; Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039; Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100; College of Urban Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024 )  
Industrial structure decide the economic benefit, the resources utilizing efficiency and the pressure on environment of a region, so the assessment of industrial structure rationality is very important. This paper establishes the indicators system of the ecological rationality assessment of industrial structure. The assessment indicators system comprises 17 indicators that reflect the present situation of economy and society, the utilizing rate of resources, and the situation of environment. The criterion of assessment includes five grades. Then, the paper applies the fuzzy mathematics evaluation method, and assesses the ecological rationality of industrial structure in different regions in Shandong Province. The results of different regions and systems are compared and analyzed. On the whole, the present situation of economy and society is not very good, the utilizing rate of resources is low, and the environment is facing serious challenge in Shandong Province. The assessment results prove the ecological rationality of industrial structure of the whole province belongs to Ⅲ grade. The industrial structure's impact on the assessment conclusion of ecological rationality is discussed. At last, the paper puts forward some basic countermeasures to optimize industrial structure and to promote the sustainable development in Shandong Province , such as decreasing the proportion of primary industry and transferring the large number of people of farm to secondary and tertiary industries, reforming the traditional industry and trying to develop the high-technology industry , increasing the proportion of tertiary industry.
【Fund】: 山东省环保局重点资助项目(2003447)资助。
【CateGory Index】: F127;
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