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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2005-05
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Spatial Sampling Methods and Their Applications in landscape pattern analysis for landscape ecological research

GUO Jin-Ping,ZHANG Yun-Xiang (Landscape Ecology Institute,Faculty of Forest Science and Forest Environment,Shanxi Agricultural University,Taigu,Shanxi 030801)  
Because of the comprehensive effects of multiple environmental factors to landscape pattern and ecological processes,mathematical methods are more eagerly needed in landscape ecological researches to explore the general distribution pattern of landscape elements in highly heterogeneous and changing landscape.A great challenge to improve the mathematical landscape pattern analysis is providing a satisfied spatial sampling method.Many quantitative landscape analysis methods cannot be used because lacking of a moderate spatial sampling method.This paper introduces two spatial sampling methods proposed and used in Guandishan forest landscape ecological research.They are Uniform-Grid-Square sampling method and Uniform-Grid-Point sampling method.These sampling methods used to provide data for landscape pattern analysis.The quantification method of sample-square is respectively proposed in the paper.As examples,the usage process of two spatial sampling methods in landscape trend-surface-analysis,landscape element spatial correlation analysis,landscape element dominantness analysis,analysis of landscape element spatial distribution pattern,and landscape dynamic modeling are introduced respectively.Based on the examples,availability of the methods is demonstrated,and the potential usages in other spatial analyses are also prospected.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30070605);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30470316);; 教育部优秀青年教师资助计划;; 山西省自然科学基金资助项目(20001090)
【CateGory Index】: Q149
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