Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2006-02
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Laws of Soil Erosion on Sideslopes of Qinghai-Tibet Highway

XU Xian-Li~(1,2),ZHANG Ke-Li~2,PANG Ling~2,KONG Ya-Ping~3,LUO Li-Fang~2(1.Key Laboratory of Systems Ecology,Research Center for Eco-Environment Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085;2.School of Geography and Remote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875;3.China Academy of Transportation Science,Ministry of Communications,Beijing 100029)  
There is extremely fragile ecosystem in the Tibetan Plateau in China because of its severely natural conditions.Once destroyed,it is very hard to get recovered.Especially it is main headwaters for famous rivers such as the Yangtze River,the Yellow River,etc.However,in recent years,China government has been conducting great road construction in the area.These road constructions would cause erosion more and more serious,and sediment from road would destroy aquatic ecology.Now it is necessary to find road erosion principles so as to take scientific and effective measures to reduce or control road erosion adverse effects on aquatic ecology,so we took two years to observe by setting up natural runoff plots on road sideslope(fill slope) of Qinghai-Tibet highway.When each rain was over,we sampled and attained runoff depth and soil loss.Siphonal Automated Record Rain Gauge recorded the rainfall process.After analyzing these data,we get the following results:(1) The product of rainfall and average rainfall intensity(PI) is well correlated to both runoff depth and sediment yield per rainfall (event.In addition,) the correlation coefficient between runoff depth and sediment yield per event also can get to0.771.(2) Runoff depth and sediment yield decrease as slope length increases.(3) Runoff and sediment decrease over time,and the disturbance to plots got recovered during the past two years,so time is a very important factor to affect road erosion.(4) According to the existing datasets,soil losses of road sideslope is 119.91 t /(ha·a),including rainfall erosion and freezing and thawing erosion.The results of this study show us that the idea of USLE(Universal Soil Loss Equation) in America can be used for road erosion prediction after revised under specific conditions.Overall,this study explored the factors influencing road erosion and how they affect,so it is significant not only to make road erosion prediction model,but also to protect environment especially for watershed ecology.
【Fund】: 西部交通建设科技项目(200231822107)
【CateGory Index】: U418.5
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 ZHANG Hong-jiang~1;LI Meng~1;JIANG Yu-lin~2;CHEN Zong-wei~2;CHEN Xue-ping~2;WANG Xiao-dong~1;ZHANG Hong-li~1.1 School of Soil and Water Conservation,Beijing Forestry University,100083,P. R.China;2 China Academy of Transportation Sciences,Beijing,100029,P.R.China.;Characteristics of eroded valley on the side slope of expressway:Taking Yinwu Expressway from Tongxin to Guyuan Segment for example.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2007-06
2 XU Xianli1,4,ZHANG Keli2, LIU Xianchun3 (1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; 2. School of Geography and Remote Sensing Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 3. The Monitoring Center of Soil and Water Conservation Ministry of Water Resource, Beijing 100053, China; 4. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China);A Review of Research on Road Erosion[J];Progress in Geography;2006-06
3 WANG Sheng-Tang1,2,ZOU Xue-Yong2,CHANG Chun-Lai2,CHENG Hong2(1.Urban Construction and Environment Department,Wanxi College,Lu′an,Anhui 237012;2.China Center of Desert Research,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875);Wind-protecting Effect of Shrub Dunes in Ecotone of Minqin Oasis[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2007-01
4 XU Jiong-Xin1,SUN Ji2(1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101; 2.Southwest University of Science and Technology,Mianyang,Sichuan 621000);Sediment Yield in Major Sediment Source Areas of the Upper Changjiang River Basin in Response to Human Activities[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2007-02
5 ZHANG Ke-Li1,XU Xian-Li2,LUO Li-Fang1(1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology,School of Geography and Remote Sensing Sciences,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875;2.State Key Laboratory of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085);Review and Prospects on Road Erosion Research[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2008-01
6 FU Xing-tao1,ZHANG Li-ping1,YE Sui-gao2,WANG Xiao-yun1,WU Xi-yuan1,ZHANG Xun2(1.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropic Soil and Plant Nutrition,Hangzhou 310029;Key Laboratory of Polluted Environment Remediation and Ecological Health,Ministry of Education,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029;Institute of Soil and Water Resource and Environment Sciences,College of Environmental and Resource Sciences,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029;2.Zhejiang Institute of Hydraulics and Estuary,Zhejiang Guangchuan Engineering Consulting Co.Ltd.,Hangzhou 310020);Simulated Study on Influence of Slope Length on Erosion Runoff Yield Process in Economic Forest[J];Journal of Soil and Water Conservation;2009-05
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 7 Hits
1 PENG Wen ying 1,2 , ZHANG Ke li 1, JIANG Zhong shan 3, KONG Ya ping 1 (1.Department of Resources and Environment Sciences, Beijing Normal University; 2. Neijiang Normal College, Neijiang, Sichuan 641112; 3. Institute of Soil and Water Conse;Runoff and Sediment Changes Characteristics after Returning Cropland to Grass on the Loess Plateau[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2002-04
2 ZHANG Wen-Bo, XIE Yun, LIU Bao-Yuan (Department of Resource and Environment Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875);Rainfall Erosivity Estimation Using Daily Rainfall Amounts[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2002-06
3 ZHENG Fen-Li 1,2,GAO Xue-Tian 2(1. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100; 2. Northwestern Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100);Research Progresses in Hillslope Soil Erosion Processes[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2003-02
4 LUO Li-Fang~1, ZHANG Ke-Li~(1,2), LI Shuang-Cai~1 (1. The Department of Resource and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal Universland Farming on Loess Plateau, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100);Change in Soil Permeability and Anti-scourability of Farmland after Abandonment[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2003-06
5 LI Zhong wu, CAI Qiang guo, WU Shu an, TANG Zheng hong (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resource, CAS, Beijing 100101);Simulation Study on Soil Erosion of Different Underlaying Surface in Construction Period of Nei Kun Railway[J];Journal of Soil Water Conservation;2001-02
6 YANG Cheng yong 1, WANG Mei zhi 1, XU Zhao yi 1,WANG Peng cheng 2, SONG Zhong ping 2 (1.College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northern Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044; 2.The 12th Engineering Bureau, Group Company of China Railwa;Prediction of Soil Erosion on Embankment Slope of Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Special Line for Passenger Trains[J];Journal of Soil Water Conservation;2001-02
7 KONG Ya ping 1, ZHANG Ke li 1,2 , TANG Ke li 2 (1.Department of Resources and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875; 2.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Yangling, S;Impacts of Slope Length on Soil Erosion Process under Simulated Rainfall[J];Journal of Soil Water Conservation;2001-02
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHAO Bo et al(Department of Agronomy,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei,Anhui 230036);Study on the Soil Erosion Change in the Dabie-tongbo Mountainous area in Huaihe River Basin[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2006-06
2 LI Jing(Xi′an Engineering College of Armed Police Force,Xi′an,Shaanxi 710086);Realization of Acquisition Technology on Erosivity Factor of Rainfall in Development of Component GIS[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2009-15
3 ZHANG Xiao-ming~(1,2);YU Xin-xiao~1;WU Si-hong~1;WANG Yun-qi~1;ZHANG Man-liang~3.1 Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation & Desertification Combating,Ministry of Education,Beijing Forestry University,100083,P.R.China;2 Department of Sedimentation,China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropwer Research,Beijing,100044,P.R.China;3 Tianshui Soil and Water Conservation Experiment Station,the Yellow River Water Conservancy Committee,Ministry of Water Resources,Gansu Province,741000,P. R.China.;Effects of landuse-landcover change on sediment production of runoff in typical watershed in the loess gully-hilly region of China.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2007-06
4 CHEN Ting-fang~(1,2),CUI Peng~31.College of Civil Engineering,Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu 610031,China;2.College of Environment and Resource,Southwest University of Science and Technology,Mianyang 621002,China;3.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Ministry of Water Conservancy,Chengdu 610041,China;Prediction of soil erosion on the embankment slope of Xichang to Panzhihua Highway,Sichuan,China[J];Journal of Chengdu University of Technology(Science & Technology Edition);2006-04
5 XU Xianli1,4,ZHANG Keli2, LIU Xianchun3 (1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; 2. School of Geography and Remote Sensing Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 3. The Monitoring Center of Soil and Water Conservation Ministry of Water Resource, Beijing 100053, China; 4. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China);A Review of Research on Road Erosion[J];Progress in Geography;2006-06
6 LUO Li-Fang~1, ZHANG Ke-Li~(1,2), LI Shuang-Cai~1 (1. The Department of Resource and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal Universland Farming on Loess Plateau, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100);Change in Soil Permeability and Anti-scourability of Farmland after Abandonment[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2003-06
7 WANG Xiao-Yan~1,WANG Xiao-Feng~1, WANG Qing-Ping~1,Wang Zhen-Gang~1, CAI Xin-Guang~2 (1.College of Resource, Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037; 2.Soil Conservation Station of Miyun County, Beijing 101500);Loss of Non-point Source Pollutants from Shixia Small Watershed, Miyun Reservoir, Beijing[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2004-02
8 WU Li~(1,2), ZHANG Wan-Chang~1, ZHANG Dong~1 ,ZHOU Jie~3 (1.International Institute for Earth System Science, Nanjing UniversityNanjing, Jiangsu 210093; 2.Department of Geography Information Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008; 3.Stvironment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710075);Remote Sensing & GIS-Based Distributed Hillslope Stability:Quantitative Evaluation Model[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2004-04
9 KONG Ya-Ping~1, ZHANG Ke-Li~2, YANG Hong-Li~2(1. China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029; 2.Department of Geography and Remote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijng 100875);Selecting on Slope Length of the Soil Erodibility Simulation[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2005-03
10 Mao Long-Jiang ~(1,2),Huang Chun-Chang~2,Pang Jiang-Li~2(1.Ministry of Education Laboratory for Coast and Island Development,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093;2.Department of Tourism and Environment,Research Center for Historical Environment,Socio-Economic Development,Shannxi Normal University,Xi'an,Shannxi 710062);Holocene Environmental Change of Pedogenensis in the Middle Reaches of the Jinghe River Basin[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2005-04
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 XIE Yun,LIN Yan,ZHANG YanMinistry of Education of China, Beijing 100875);The Development and Application of the Universal Soil Loss Equation[J];Progress In Geography;2003-03
2 CAI Qiangguo, FAN Haoming(Institute of Geographical Sciences & Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101; College of Water Conservancy, Shenyang Agriculture University, Shenyang 110161);On the Factors and Prediction Models of SDR[J];Progress In Geography;2004-05
3 HA Si 1,2 , WANG Gui yong 1 (1.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, the Ministry of Education of China, Institute of Resources Science,Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875; 2.Shapotou Experimental Station of Desert;Variation in Dune Lee-Side Airflow and Its Significance[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2000-06
4 ZHANG Yun, ZHU Cheng, YU Shi yong (Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093);Environmental Evolution and Human Activity over 3000 years in Daning Valley, the Three Gorges of Changjiang River[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2001-03
5 CHAI Zong xin, FAN Jian rong, LIU Shu zhen (Institude of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chineses Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Resources, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041);Analysis on Development Characteristics and Process of Gully in Yuanmon Basin on Lower Reaches of Jinsha River[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2001-04
6 PENG Wen ying 1,2 , ZHANG Ke li 1, JIANG Zhong shan 3, KONG Ya ping 1 (1.Department of Resources and Environment Sciences, Beijing Normal University; 2. Neijiang Normal College, Neijiang, Sichuan 641112; 3. Institute of Soil and Water Conse;Runoff and Sediment Changes Characteristics after Returning Cropland to Grass on the Loess Plateau[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2002-04
7 ZHENG Fen-Li 1,2,GAO Xue-Tian 2(1. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100; 2. Northwestern Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100);Research Progresses in Hillslope Soil Erosion Processes[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2003-02
8 LUO Li-Fang~1, ZHANG Ke-Li~(1,2), LI Shuang-Cai~1 (1. The Department of Resource and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal Universland Farming on Loess Plateau, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100);Change in Soil Permeability and Anti-scourability of Farmland after Abandonment[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2003-06
9 ZHANG Qiang~(1, 2), YANG Da-Yuan~3, SHI Ya-Feng~1, GE Zhao-Shuai~3, JIANG Tong~(1,2) (1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008; hou, Hubei 434025; 3. Department of Urban & Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093);Flood Events Since 5000 a B.P. Recorded in Natural Sediments of Zhongba Site, Chuanjiang River[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2004-06
10 KONG Ya-Ping~1, ZHANG Ke-Li~2, YANG Hong-Li~2(1. China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029; 2.Department of Geography and Remote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijng 100875);Selecting on Slope Length of the Soil Erodibility Simulation[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2005-03
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 XU Jiong-Xin (key Laboratory of water cycle and related land surface processes,Infitute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101);Sediment Storing and Releasing in Lower Huanghe River and Their Thresholds[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2008-03
2 CAO Long-xi,ZHANG Ke-li,ZHANG Zhuo-dong,ZHANG Wei(State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology,School of Geography andRemote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China);Road distribution and controlling factors in watershed of the Loess Plateau[J];Geographical Research;2008-06
3 ZHANG Shi-jie1,JIAO Ju-ying1,2,LI Lin-yu3,HUANG Xiao-hua1(1.Resource and Environment College,Northwest A & F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100;2.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100;3.Pearl River Water Resources Scientific Research Institute,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510611);Response of Sediment to Correlative Significant Events and Policies of Hekou-Longmen Region in Huanghe River basin[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2009-06
4 HUA Ke-ke et al (College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715);Research Progress on Land Consolidation Engineering[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-02
5 LEI Jun,KUANG Xing,BAI Mingzhou,WANG Lianjun(School of Civil Engineering,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China);Research on Water Erosion Process Rules of Typical Railroad Slopes[J];Journal of Beijing Jiaotong University;2010-01
6 WEI Jie1,HE Xiu-bin2(1.Tourism College of Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047,China;2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu 610041,China);ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS ON THE SEDIMENT LOAD VARIATIONS IN THE JIALING RIVER BASIN[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2010-02
7 SHI Zhi-hua1,FANG Nu-fang1,LI Lu1,JIANG Cheng2,PENG Ye-xuan2(1.College of Resources and Environment,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China;2.Soil and Water Conservation Bureau of Zigui County,Zigui 443600,Yichang,Hubei China);Modeling erosion processes on unpaved roads using KINEROS2[J];Geographical Research;2010-03
8 SHI Chang-xing,DU Jun(Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes,Institute of Geographic Sciencesand Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China);Causes for stepped changes of sediment load in the upper Yangtze River[J];Journal of Sediment Research;2009-04
9 Xiong Yalan1,Zhang Keli1,Yang Guangxi2,Gu Zaike2 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology //School of Geography and Remote sensing science,Beijing Normal University;Beijing 100875,China;2. Observation Station for Soil and Water Conservation of Guizhou Province,Guiyang 210093,China;Change in characteristics of runoff and sediment in the Wujiang River[J];Ecology and Environment;2008-05
10 XU Jiongxin(Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Key Laboratory for Water Cycle and Related Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China);Recent Variations in Water and Sediment in Relation with Reservoir Construction in the Upper Changjiang River Basin[J];Journal of Mountain Science;2009-04
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhang Keli K. Hosoyamada(Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084) (Miyazaki University, Japan);SPLASH EROSION PROCESS AND ITS RELATION TO SLOPE GRADIENT[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;1998-06
2 ZHANG Ke li 1, ZHANG Zhu mei 2 (1.Department of Resources and Environment Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875; 2.Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875);Prediction of Hydraulics of Rills in Erosion Processes on Hillslope[J];SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;2000-04
3 YUAN Jian ping 1,2 , JIANG Ding sheng 3 (1 Department of Resources and Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 10087; 2. Monitoring Center of Soil and Water Conservation, Miusitry of Water Resources; Beijing 100053; 3 Institute o;Research on Transforming Relation from Point to Area of Infiltration Rate on Small Watershed for Hilly and Gully the Loess Region[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2001-03
4 ZHANG Yan 1, PENG Bu zhuo 1, GAO Xiang 1, TANG Xiang yu 2, YANG Hao 2(1.Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093; 2. Institute of Soil Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 21000;Impact on Soil Erosion and Soil Properties by Human Disturbance-Case of the Low Mountains and Hills of Yixing,South Jiangsu Province[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2002-03
5 PENG Wen ying 1,2 , ZHANG Ke li 1, JIANG Zhong shan 3, KONG Ya ping 1 (1.Department of Resources and Environment Sciences, Beijing Normal University; 2. Neijiang Normal College, Neijiang, Sichuan 641112; 3. Institute of Soil and Water Conse;Runoff and Sediment Changes Characteristics after Returning Cropland to Grass on the Loess Plateau[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2002-04
6 Wang Jiading (Department of Urban and Resources, Northwest University, Xian 710069)Zhang Zhuoyuan (Institute of Engineering Geology, Chengdu College of Technology, Chengdu 610059)Li Baoxiong (Geological Hazards Institute, Gansu Academy of Sciences, L;A MECHANISM IN LOESS SELF LOAD COLLAPSE The Saturated Loess Liquefaction Caused by Earth Microtremors[J];SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;1999-03
7 Tang Keli (The Key National Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau,Institute of Water and Soil Conservation Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Conservancy ,Yangling 712100);ANALYSIS ABOUT THE KEY POINT OF ECO-ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION ON LOESS PLATEAU[J];Quaternary Sciences;2000-06
8 Zhang Keli(Northwestern Jnstiute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science and the Ministry of Water Conservancy);A Study on the Distribution of Erosion and Sediment Yield on Loess Slope and the Relationship Between the Distribution and Rain Characteristics[J];Journal of Sediment Research;1991-04
9 Cai Qiangguo (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences);Research of rill initiation condition on loess hillslopes[J];JOURNAL OF SEDIMENT RESEARCH;1998-01
10 HU Xiang-lai (Gansu Province Hydrology and W ater Resources Survey Bureau, 730000 Lan zhou, China);Influence of Forest Cover on the Water Resources in Loess Hill Region of Gansu Province[J];ADVANCES IN WATER SCIENCE;2000-02
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved