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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2006-06
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Erosion Characteristics of Black Soils in Northeast China

ZHANG Xiao-Ping~1,LIANG Ai-Zhen~(1,2),SHEN Yan~(1,2),LI Wen-Feng~(1,2),ZHANG Xue-Lin~1,WANG Yu-Xi~3,XIE Yun-Jie~3,LIU Feng-Fei~3,YANG Xue-Ming~4 (1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun,Jilin 130012;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049;3.Heilongjiang Soil and Water Conservation Research Institute,Bin County,Heilongjiang 150400;4.Harrow Research Centre,Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada,Harrow,Ontario,Canada,NOR 160)  
Black soils in Northeast China is main agricultural resources for grain production in China.The sustainability of agriculture in Northeast China is jeopardized by soil erosion and degradation of soil fertility.This article took the black soil as a target to analyze its erosion types and characteristics.Surface erosion by water is the most dominant erosion process for the majority of black soils in the region.Many eroded soil materials associated with the runoff have been re-deposited in low-lying land.Reasonable agronomic management practices can conserve black soils from erosion and regain black soil fertility,including contour ploughing and conservation tillage.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40471125);; 吉林省科技发展计划资助项目(20050206-4)资助
【CateGory Index】: S157
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