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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2008-05
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Space Distribution Structure of A-grade Scenic Spot in China

ZHU Hong,CHEN Xiao-Liang(School of Geography Sciences and Planning,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275)  
Scenic spot is a special scenic style on the surface of the earth.The A-grade scenic spot is a tourist ranking classifiable system with Chinese characteristics and is a national standard of comprehensive evaluation about scenic spot quality and grade in China.The instauration and appraisement of A-grade scenic spot make a great contribution to the development of tourist industry and have a significant impact on marketing,the image of the establishment of tourist destination,tourist perceptive and the economic benefits and so on in the process of tourism development because of the different levels.Given the label of A-grade to the scenic spot has not only been recognized by market but also been widely accepted in China from the beginning since the scenic spot was appraised with all levels governmental regard in everywhere,and it has become a "Jinzizhaopai"(famous grand in English) in the eyes of a vast number of tourists and a highlight of promotional and publicity.Judging from the present effects,that local government pursues the goal of title of A-grade especial higher grade gradually influences the evolving and developing of distribution structure of scenic spot.The quality of scenic spot is divided into five classes with descending order from 5A to 1A according to The Standard of Rating for Quality of Scenic Spot.Sixty-six 5A-grade scenic spots were checked and accepted and came out in the March 7,2007 that was considered as a result of spread and intense competition among the 4A-grade scenic spots.First,this text analyses the distribution and changing rules of A-grade scenic spot about China based on the 2286 date of A-grade scenic spots,and finds that A-grade scenic spot which seems entirely in-organization has its own internal space rules.The unitary distributing pattern of A-grade scenic spot which is dense in both extremes and sparse in the middle is growing up with the development of scenic spot in our country,and has a nearly relating and matching with population distribution,river systems,transport network and also landform and so on whether in the space organization or time evolvement.Although the distribution status of A-grade scenic spot has some difference in 31 provinces,its configuration has an upper comparability.The primate distribution of scenic spot is obviously in the provincial capital cities and the distributing trend is getting more and more dispersive.Second,the paper gives its explanation from the perspective of the level of socio-economic development,population,traffic condition and rating system.Generally speaking,there are some group configurations in all provinces in China,but it can not hold back Chinese scenic spot to be more disorderly.There is a reasonable side in the distribution structure of scenic spot which hide the irrational elements.This market-oriented structure system triggers two cycles and makes the stronger much better than before and so do the weaker,and go against to the development of scenic spot to a certain extent.So tourism value of the scarcity of resources should be worth more attention under the circumstance that some conditions such as transportation,sightseeing,service facilities and man-made landscape facilities can be copied.Moreover,this paper also studies the dislocation between the distribution of A-grade scenic spot and tourism resources of China,and also discusses the development trend of A-grade scenic spot in the future which is aimed to guide and perfect the rating system to a more reasonable direction.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40771067、70703012);; 广东省重大科技专项项目(2005A30402003);; 广东省普通高校人文社会科学研究重点项目(05ZD790008)资助
【CateGory Index】: F592.99
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