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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2009-04
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Development of a Karst Sinkhole-based Semi-Distributed Hydrological Model and Its Application

MENG Hai-hua1,WANG La-chun1,SU Wei-ci2,HUO Yu1(1.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093;2.Institute of Mountain Resources,Guizhou Academy of Sciences,Guiyang,Guizhou 550001)  
Taken the Houzhai River karst basin in Puding County,Guizhou Province as an example,a karst sinkhole-based semi-distributed hydrological model is established,which includes two part: watershed runoff yield calculation and concentration calculation.The authors adopt different runoff yield calculation models to calculate every grid′s runoff yield.In concentration calculation,we firstly analyze the confluence routing of the sinkhole,the water injection into the underground pipeline through sinkhole using single tank model,and other parts of confluence using the two-layer tank model.The concentration of channel and underground pipeline is expressed with instantaneous unit hydrograph.To test the model,the authors choose two-year precipitation processes between 1988 and 1989.After comparing the simulated process with the observed data,we can draw a conclusion that the proposed semi-distributed hydrological model in this paper is reasonable for simulating rainfall-runoff process.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40571024);; 国家“973”基础研究计划(2006CB403208)资助
【CateGory Index】: P334.92
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