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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2012-10
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Hydrological Characteristic and Its Responses to Precipitation Change in Jinqian River Basin of Qinling Moutains During the Last 50 Years

BAI Hong-ying,HOU Qin-lei,MA Xin-ping,ZHANG Jie,YUAN Bo(College of Urban and Environmental Science,Northwest University,Xi′an,Shaanxi 710127,China)  
The response of river water resource to both human activities and climate changes,as the theoretical basis to understand the river hydrological process and the sustainable use of regional water resources,has gained more and more attentions in water research during the last decades.In this study,the seasonal and annual variations and the temporal trend of runoff in Jinqian River Basin were analyzed by using the methods of concentration frequency,concentration period,Kendall coefficient,rescaled range analysis and double mass curve for annual rainfall stream flow comprehensively,in which the runoff and precipitation lagging effect was represented by concentrated period index.The effects of the precipitation change and human activities on runoff were also analyzed quantitatively.The annual runoff of Jinqian River is mainly contributed by those occurred from July to October with a proportion of 65%.Regression analysis showed that the Jinqian River’s runoff decreased with time at a rate of 34.33 m3(/ s 10a)significantly(p0.05).The Hurst index was 0.669,which indicates that the decreasing trends of runoff in Jinqian River’s will continue in the future.There is an around 23.6 days hysteresis in the response of runoff to precipitation,and the hysteresis has obvious up trend.Through the annual runoff coefficient,It was found that the runoff from rainfall decreased with the time due to plant interception,infiltration and evaporation during last 50 years.Human activities and climate change both had significant impacts on the water resource of Jinqian River.The result of double mass analysis showed that the decreases of runoff in Jinqian River’s mainly attributed to climate change,and its contribution were 53.4%.
【Fund】: 国家科技基础性专项重点项目(科技部)(2007FY110800)资助
【CateGory Index】: P333
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