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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2013-04
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Difference and Mechanism of Residents' Perceptions and Attitudes Adjacent to Scenic Spot:A Case Study of Tangkou Town,Huangshan City

YIN Shou-bing 1,2,LIU Yun-xia 2(1.Geography and Planning School,Center for Tourism Planning & Research,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275,China;2.College of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Center for Tourism Planning & Research,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu,Anhui 241002,China)  
Residents' perceptions and attitudes is the most intuitive evaluation of tourism development,there will be differences in perceptions and attitudes of residents due to heterogeneity factors.Existing research results show that,the distance factor is an important explanatory variable causing differences of the residents' perceptions and attitudes within the larger spatial scales.In order to study on the heterogeneity of factors causing the differences of residents' perceptions and attitudes in the small scale spatial,this article adopts a case study of the four communities adjacent to Huangshan Scenic Spot for empirical research: Through questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews,it is found that there are certain differences in the perception of the tourism economy,living environment and social and cultural positive and negative effects of community residents in tourism development.From the aspects of the location,community and scenic spot,it is found that the relative location,community organizations involved in resource development of the scenic spot and the ability to coordinate the distribution of benefits,as well as governance mode changes of scenic spot are combinative effecting the tourism development of adjacent community and community benefits which are resulting in the differences of residents' perceptions and attitudes towards tourism.The research findings show that relative to extrinsic factors as the geographic conditions and scenic spot governance mode,the community need to give full play to the dynamic role of community organizations in community,to promot coordinate development of communities and scenic spot.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41171111);; 安徽省教育厅人文社科重点研究基地项目(SK2012B561);; 安徽师范大学培育项目(2011xmpy012)资助
【CateGory Index】: K901;F592.7
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