Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2013-06
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Pretreatment Methods and Their Influences on Grain-size Measurement of Palaeosol in the Upper Reaches of the Hanjiang River Valley, China

PANG Jiang-li,QIAO Jing,HUANG Chun-chang,ZHA Xiao-chun,ZHOU Ya-li(College of Tourism and Environmental Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi′an,Shaanxi 710062,China)  
The grain size of sediment is an important tool for the extraction of paleo-climate and paleo-environment change information.This article attempts to study the influence of sample pretreatment methods on particle size analysis result.Loess and paleosol sample were chosen from the Qianfangcun profile in the upper reaches of the Hanjiang river valley as the representative material.They are measured using a laser particle analyzer(LS1320) made by Beckman Company,U.S.A.These samples were performed using 6 different pretreatment methods before their grain-size distribution were measured,respectively.The experimental results show that the pretreatment methods and steps for the grain size measurement procedures have certainly influenced on results of grain-size distribution.Different samples should be used different retreatment methods and steps.In the process of sample pretreatment,ultrasonic vibration and oscillation time significantly influence the results of particle size measurement.Aiming at samples from the upper reaches of the Hanjiang river valley,pretreatment method A(0.8 g sample put into 500 mL beaker,then to pour 10 mL10% H2O2 and 10 mL 10% hydrochloric acid in the beaker,respectively.The beaker is filled with distilled water and static for 72 h,slow pumping to distilled water,putting into 5 mL 0.05 mol/L dispersing agent((NaPO3)6,then to measure particle size using a laser particle analyzer) is more suitable to weak cementation sediment samples,such as loess,mod-ern topsoil and river sediments et al.Using pretreatment method A could obtain better effect of the particle size measurement because its particles can be sufficiently dispersed.The caking property of paleosol sample in the Hanjiang River valley is very high because of its strong pedogenesis.It is difficult to be completely dispersed particles of paleosol because of closely cemented between particles.There exists great differences in grain-size distribution of the palaeosol sample while it was pretreated by the pretreatment method A,B,C,D,E and F(Method B: In the method based on A,then ultrasonic vibration with 10 min.Method C: 0.8 g sample was put into 500 mL beaker,then to pour 10 mL10% H 2 O 2 and 10 mL 10% hydrochloric acid in the beaker,respectively.The beaker is filled with distilled water and static for 72 h,slow pumping to distilled water,putting into 5 mL 0.05 mol/L dispersing agent((NaPO 3) 6),at the same time with using ultrasonic vibration 20 min,then to measure particle size using a laser particle analyzer.Method D: The samples were digested with H 2 O 2 and hydrochloric acid,beaker was filled with distilled water and static for 72 h,putting into 10 mL 0.05 mol/L dispersing agent((NaPO 3) 6),then ultrasonic vibration with 20 min.Method E: The samples were digested with H 2 O 2 and hydrochloric acid,stirring 15 min,beaker was filled with distilled water and static for 72 h,putting into 10 mL dispersant,ultrasonic vibration with 20 min.Method F: The samples were digested with H 2 O 2 and hydrochloric acid,stirring 30 min,beaker was filled with distilled water and static for 72 h,plus 10 mL dispersant,ultrasonic vibration with 20 min),respectively.The experimental results show that differences of the grain-size index such as the average particle size can be several times fluctuation.The pretreatment method C is more suitable for palaeosol samples from the Hanjing river valley.Dispersion effect of the pretreatment method C for palaeosol sample is better than those of other pretreatment method,including method A,B,D,E and F.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(41271108;41030637);; 教育部博士点基金优先发展领域项目(20110202130002);; 国家社会科学基金(11AZS009)资助
【CateGory Index】: P531
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 XIE Xin ZHENG Hong-bo CHEN Guo-cheng MEI Xi(State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology,Tongji University,Shanghai 200092);Pretreatment Method of Grain Size Measurement of Marine Sediments in Paleoenvironment Research[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2007-05
2 ZHANG Hong-yan1,2,4 LU Hua-yu2 ZHAO Jun1,2,4 ZHAO Cun-fa1,2,4 ZHANG Ping 3 (1.SKLLQG,Institute of Earth Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xi'an 710075;2.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 21009;3.School of Resources and Environment,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000;4.Graduate University School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039);Effects of Ultrasonic Dispersion on Granulometry of Fine-grain Loess[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2008-03
3 PANG Jiangli,HUANG Chunchang,ZHOU Yali,ZHA Xiaochun,WANG Chaojian (College of Tourism and Environmental Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062,China);Holocene Aeolian Loess and Its Pedogenic Modification in the Upper Hanjiang River Valley,China[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2011-11
4 Sun Donghuai(Key Laboratory of West China's Environmental Systems(Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environment Sciences, Lanzhou University,Lanzhou730000);SUPPER-FINE GRAIN SIZE COMPONENTS IN CHINESE LOESS AND THEIR PALAEOCLIMATIC IMPLICATION[J];Quaternary Sciences;2006-06
5 WANG Junbo & ZHU Liping (Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, P. R. China) (Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P. R. China) (Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100085, P. R. China);Influence of Different Pre-treatments on Grain-size Measurement of Lake Sediments[J];Journal of Lake Science;2005-01
6 SUN You-bin1,2 , ZHOU Jie1 , LU Hua-yu1 , AN Zhi-sheng1 (1.Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710075, China; 2.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, China);Modification to the Grain Size Distribution of Original Eolian Dust by Weathering and Pedogenic Processes[J];Journal of Desert Research;2002-01
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Liu Zhijie1,Liu Yinchun2(1.School of Earth Sciences and Resources,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China;2.China Gold Science and Technology Co.,Ltd,Beijing 100176,China);Progress in Paleoenvironmental Research on the Quaternary Loess in China[J];Environmental Science and Management;2008-04
2 ZHONG Yujia1,MO Duowen1,LI Yiyin1,SHI Chenxi1,HU Ke1,LIU Hui2 1.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes(MOE),Peking University,Beijing 100871;2.Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology,Wuhan,430077;Environmental Changes at the North of Jianghan Plain during Ming and Qing Period[J];Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis;2011-04
3 LIANG Tao,SHI Zheng-tao,LIU Zhi-guo(College of Tourism and Geography Sciences,Yunnan Normal University,Kunming 650092,China);GRAIN SIZE CHARACTERISTICS OF STREET DUST IN KUNMING AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2011-01
4 QIAO Jing,PANG Jiang-li,HUANG Chun-chang,ZHA Xiao-chun,ZHOU Ya-li,HU YA-wei (College of Tourism and Environmental Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062,China);PALAEOFLOOD HYDROLOGICAL STUDY IN THE QIANFANG SECTION OF YUNXIAN COUNTY IN THE UPPER REACHES OF THE HANJIANG RIVER[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2012-05
5 SUN Dong huai 1 LU Hua yu 1 DAVID Rea 2 SUN You bin 1 WU Sheng guan 1 1 (Xi′an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Science Xi′an 710054) 2 (Department of Geological Science,University of Michigan USA);Bimode Grain-Size Distribution of Chinese Loess and Its Paleoclimate Implication[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;2000-03
6 MIAO Xiao dong 1 SUN You bin 1,2 LU Hua yu 1 1 (Institute of Earth Environment, State key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, CAS, Xi'an 710054) 2 (Institute of Oceanology, CAS, Qingdao Shandong 266071);Spatial Variation of Grain Size of the Late Pliocene ‘Red Clay’, Chinese Loess Plateau[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2001-02
7 LI Jun 1,3 GAO Shu 2 SUN You-bin 1 ZENG Zhi-g ang 1 1 (Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao Shandong 266071) 2 (Key Laboratory of Coast and Island Development, MOE, Nanjing University, Nanj ing 210093) 3 (Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10003 9);Grain-size Variations of Terrigenous Sediment Sequences in the South Okinawa Trough[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2003-03
8 XU Shu-jian 1,2 PAN Bao-tian1 LI Qiong1 GAO Hong-shan1Wang Jun-ping1 HU Chun-sheng11(College of Resource and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University MOE Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systerms,Lanzhou 730000)2(College of Geography and Tourism ,Linyi Teachers University, Linyi Shndong 276005);Environmental Significance and Characteristics of Grain Size of the Loess in Longxi Basin during the Last Glacial Period[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2005-04
9 LEI Guo-liang ~(1) ZHANG Hu-cai~(2,1) ZHANG Wen-xiang~(1) NIU Jie~(1) YANG Ming-sheng~(1) CHEN Yue~(1) FAN Hong-fang~(1) CHANG Feng-qin~(1) LI Bin~(1)(1.Key Laboratory of Western China's Environment System,College of Earth and Environment Sciences,University of Lanzhou,Lanzhou 730000;2.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008)(Corresponding author: Hucai Zhang E-mail:zhanghc@niglas.ac.cn);The Reliability and Significance of the Grain-size Obtained by Mastersize 2000 Laser Analyzer:a case study on the typical S4 from Luochuan section[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2006-04
10 XIE Xin ZHENG Hong-bo CHEN Guo-cheng MEI Xi(State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology,Tongji University,Shanghai 200092);Pretreatment Method of Grain Size Measurement of Marine Sediments in Paleoenvironment Research[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2007-05
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 8 Hits
1 Qin Xiaoguang Cai Binggui Liu Tungsheng (Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029);CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERIC TURBULENCE IN THE EASTERN ASIAN MONSOON AREA DURING MIS 3[A];[C];2003
2 Jingtai Han~(a,*),Hehai Chen~a,William S.Fyfe~ b,Zhengfu Guo~ a, Daojing Wang~ a,T.S.Liu~a a Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,P.O.Box 9825,Beijing 100029.China b Department of Earth Sciences,The University of Western Ontario,London,Ont.,Canada N6A 5B7;Spatial and temporal patterns of grain size and chemical weathering of the Chinese Red Clay Formation and implications for East Asian monsoon evolution[A];[C];2008
3 Yuan Baoyin~①Guo Zhengtang~①Hao Qingzhen~①Peng Shuzhen~(①②) Qiao Yansong~③Wu Haibin~④Xiao Guoqiao~(④⑤) Ge Junyi~(④⑤) Sun Bin~(①⑤) Zhou Xin~(④⑤) Yin Qiuzhen~(①⑤) Liang Meiyan~(①⑤)Qin Li~(①⑤) Liu Lian~(①⑤) Yao Zhengquan~(④⑤) Liu Tungsheng~①(①Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029;②Taishan College,Tai'an 271021;③Institute of Geomechanics,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,Beijing 100081;④Institute of Earth Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xi'an 710075;⑤Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049);CENOZOIC EVOLUTION OF GEOMORPHIC AND SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENTS IN THE TIANSHUI-QIN'AN REGIONS[A];[C];2008
4 Liu Jinfeng~(①②) Qiao Yansong~(①③) Guo Zhengtang~①(①Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029;②State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics,Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100029;③Institute of Geomechanics,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,Beijing 100081);THE DIFFERENCES OF GRAIN SIZE OF QUARTZ AND BULK SAMPLES AS AN INDICATOR OF WEATHERING INTENSITY IN THE AEOLIAN DEPOSITS[A];[C];2008
5 Feng Shaohua~(①②) Tang Zihua~①Wang Xu~①Yang Shiling~①(①Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029;②Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049);ORIGIN AND AGE OF'RED CLAY'SEDIMENT AT JUNGAR BANNER,INNER MONGOLIA,AND ITS PALAEOCLIMATIC IMPLICATIONS[A];[C];2011
6 Xie Dong-feng, Fan Dai-du, Gao Shu (MOE Key Laboratory for Coastal and Island Development, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093;MOE Key Laboratory for Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092);Flat of Chongming Island and Their Impacts on the Sediment Distribution[A];[C];2005
7 FENG Xiaobo~(1,2) (1 Insititute of Cultural Relices and Archaeology of Hubei Province,Wuhan 430077,Hubei; 2 Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Institut de Paléontologie Humaine,Paris 75013,France);THE ANCIENT FOSSIL HUMAN FROM THE YANGTZE VALLEYS[A];[C];2004
8 NIU Dong-wei~(1,2) PENG Fei~(1,2) PEI Shu-wen~1 MA Ning~1 (1 Laboratory of Human Evolution,Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044;2 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049);THE PALEOLITHIC LOCALITY AT BAIDUTAN IN THE DANJINGKOU RESERVOIR INUNDATED REGION[A];[C];2012
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Jiang Fuchu, Wu Xihao (Institute of Geomechanics, CAGS);LATE CENOZOIC TECTONIC MOVEMENT IN GEOMORPHOLOGIC BOUNDARY BELT OF SOUTHEASTERN QINGHAI XIZANG PLATEAU[J];JOURNAL OF CHENGDU UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY;1998-02
2 Zhao Jingbo (Xian College of Geology);THE STUDY ON THE RED SOIL OF NEOGENE IN XIAN AND BAODE OF SHANXI[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;1989-03
3 SUN Dong huai 1 LU Hua yu 1 DAVID Rea 2 SUN You bin 1 WU Sheng guan 1 1 (Xi′an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Science Xi′an 710054) 2 (Department of Geological Science,University of Michigan USA);Bimode Grain-Size Distribution of Chinese Loess and Its Paleoclimate Implication[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;2000-03
4 CHEN Jing an WAN Guo jiang XU Jing yi (State Key Lab of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002);Sediment Particle Sizes and the Dry-Humid Transformation of the Regional Climate in Erhai Lake[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;2000-03
5 CHENG Peng 1 GAO Shu 1 LI Xu sheng 2 1(Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao,Shandong 266071) 2(Department of Urban and Resources, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093);Evaluation of a Wide Range Laser Particle Size Analyses and Comparison with Pipette and Sieving Methods[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2001-03
6 YU Xue-feng 1 ZHOU Wei-jian 1 LIU Xiao-qing 2 ZHENG Yan-hong 3 SONG Shao-hua 1(1. State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, Xi′an 710075; 2.College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi′an 710062; 3. Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi′an 710069);Grain Size Characteristics of the Holocene Peat Sediment in Eastern Tibetan Plateau and Its Paleoclimatic Significance[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2006-06
7 JIANG Qing-feng 1,2,3 LIU Xing-qi 1 SHEN Ji 1 (1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008; 2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039;3. Geographical Science School,Nantong University,Nantong, Jiangsu 226007);Grain-size Characteristics of Wulugu Lake Sediments and Its Palaeoclimate and Palaeoenvironment Implication[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2006-06
8 Zhang Yunxiang Chen Danling Xue Xiangxu (Department of Geology Institute of Cenzoic Geology and Environment Northwest University Xi’an 710069);The Paleoenvironment of Hipparion Red Clay in North Part of Shanxi Province[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;1998-04
9 LU Hua yu AU Zhi sheng (State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology,Chinese Academy of Sciences.Xi'an 710054,China);Comparison of Grain-size Distribution of Red Clay and Loess-paleosol Deposits in Chinese Loess Plateau[J];ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA;1999-02
10 LI Zhi-min, LU Jin-fu, LENG Xue-tian, LU Shan (School of Urban and Enviroment Science, Northeast Normal Univendty, Changchun 130024, China);The grain size characteristics and the fluctuation of lake surface of the core in Holocene in Dabusu lake[J];Journal of Northeast Normal University (Natural Science Edition);2000-02
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved